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Ciência Florestal

versão impressa ISSN 0103-9954versão On-line ISSN 1980-5098

Resumo

BOMFIM, João Pedro de Andrade et al. Extraction optimization and amplification of oil palm DNA: leaves at different phases of development. Ciênc. Florest. [online]. 2020, vol.30, n.3, pp.916-926.  Epub 26-Out-2020. ISSN 1980-5098.  https://doi.org/10.5902/1980509839043.

The objective of this study was to optimize and establish a protocol to enhance the quality and quantity of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extracted from leaves under different development stages and conservation conditions collected from mature plants and seedlings. Furthermore, we aimed to standardize the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and select an inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) marker for Elaeis guineensis (oil palm). The modified cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) protocol, which used β-mercaptoethanol (0.3%) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP 3%) supplementation in the extraction buffer and 10 % CTAB with 1.4 M NaCl for a 20-min incubation at 65ºC, resulted in improved DNA quality and quantity. However, this protocol presented variable results among samples, probably due to variations in leaf degradation levels and development stages. The two PCR protocols (I and II) for amplifying the DNA, differed mainly in the presence or absence of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and primer concentration. Although, a correlation between PCR amplification and the quality of the DNA extracted from leaves was not established, the addition of BSA (0.075 mg/mL) and the highest primer concentration (0.5 pmol) (protocol II) resulted in more intense and distinguishable bands on gel electrophoresis. DNA quality was essential for a satisfying amplification, considering all the samples. The use of protocol II allowed the selection of five primers: UBC 807, 810, 812, 834, and 848; these were used in the amplification of the DNA extracted from 13 families consisting of one parental plant and eight progenies each.

Palavras-chave : Elaeis guineensis; PCR; ISSR.

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