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Dementia & Neuropsychologia

Print version ISSN 1980-5764

Abstract

OLIVEIRA, Glaucia Martins de et al. Relationships between episodic memory performance prediction and sociodemographic variables among healthy older adults. Dement. neuropsychol. [online]. 2015, vol.9, n.1, pp.58-63. ISSN 1980-5764.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-57642015DN91000008.

Previous studies have suggested that performance prediction, an aspect of metamemory, may be associated with objective performance on memory tasks.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of the study was to describe memory prediction before performing an episodic memory task, in community-dwelling older adults, stratified by sex, age group and educational level. Additionally, the association between predicted and objective performance on a memory task was investigated.

METHODS:

The study was based on data from 359 participants in the FIBRA study carried out at Ermelino Matarazzo, São Paulo. Memory prediction was assessed by posing the question: "If someone showed you a sheet with drawings of 10 pictures to observe for 30 seconds, how many pictures do you think you could remember without seeing the sheet?". Memory performance was assessed by the memorization of 10 black and white pictures from the Brief Cognitive Screening Battery (BCSB).

RESULTS:

No differences were found between men and women, nor for age group and educational level, in memory performance prediction before carrying out the memory task. There was a modest association (rho=0.11, p=0.041) between memory prediction and performance in immediate memory. On multivariate linear regression analyses, memory performance prediction was moderately significantly associated with immediate memory (p=0.061).

CONCLUSION:

In this study, sociodemographic variables did not influence memory prediction, which was only modestly associated with immediate memory on the Brief Cognitive Screening Battery (BCSB).

Keywords : memory; memory prediction; metamemory; older adults.

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