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Dementia & Neuropsychologia

Print version ISSN 1980-5764

Abstract

SPOSITO, Giovana; NERI, Anita Liberalesso  and  YASSUDA, Mônica Sanches. Cognitive performance and engagement in physical, social and intellectual activities in older adults: The FIBRA study. Dement. neuropsychol. [online]. 2015, vol.9, n.3, pp.270-278. ISSN 1980-5764.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-57642015dn93000010.

Cognitive decline in aging can negatively impact quality of life in the elderly. However, studies have shown that elderly engaged in advanced activities of daily living (AADLs) can maintain or enhance global cognitive function or specific domains.

Objective:

To investigate the relationship between engagement in AADLs and domains of cognition in elderly from seven different locations in Brazil.

Methods:

A cross-sectional study involving 2,549 elderly without cognitive deficits suggestive of dementia was conducted. Data were collected on sociodemographic characteristics, health status, the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) by subdomain (orientation, memory, attention/calculus, language and constructional praxis), and engagement in AADL grouped under physical, social and intellectual activities.

Results:

Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed an association, albeit modest, between intellectual AADLs and the domains orientation, attention/calculus, language and constructional praxis (R2=0.005, 0.008, 0.021, and 0.021 respectively). Social AADLs were correlated with memory (R2=0.002) and language (R2=0.004) domains. No association was found between physical AADLs and MMSE domains. Schooling and family income were the sociodemographic variables exhibiting the strongest relationship with cognitive domains.

Conclusion:

The study found associations between intellectual and social AADLs with higher cognitive performance, suggesting that active aging can provide opportunities to attenuate cognitive decline in aging.

Keywords : activities of daily living; social participation; motor activity; cognition; elderly.

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