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Dementia & Neuropsychologia

Print version ISSN 1980-5764On-line version ISSN 1980-5764

Abstract

RIBEIRO, Cristina Cristovão; NERI, Anita Liberalesso  and  YASSUDA, Mônica Sanches. Semantic-cultural validation and internal consistency analysis of the Purpose in Life Scale for brazilian older adults. Dement. neuropsychol. [online]. 2018, vol.12, n.3, pp.244-249. ISSN 1980-5764.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-57642018dn12-030004.

Purpose in life is one of the six dimensions of psychological well-being. It refers to the sense that life has meaning and direction, and that goals have been achieved or are attainable.

Objective:

To perform the semantic-cultural validation and internal consistency analysis of the 10-item Purpose in Life scale of Ryff and Keyes.

Methods:

Data were drawn from an eight-year follow-up of older adults aged ≥80 in the FIBRA Study, conducted in Campinas, Brazil.

Results:

The mean age of participants (N=187) was 83.81 (±3.60), mean number of years of education was 4.38 (±3.76), and mean income was 3.49 minimum wages (±2.61), comprising 125 (66.8%) females (mean purpose = 3.51 ±0.68) and 62 (33.2%) males (mean purpose = 3.58±0.60). There was no significant difference in the purpose between men and women or between educational levels. For age and income, purpose was higher in the 80- to 84-year-old group (younger age) and with income of 3-5 minimum wages (higher income). Cronbach’s alpha for the scale was 0.628, indicating moderate internal consistency.

Conclusion:

The Purpose in Life scale was translated, adapted for use in Brazil and applied in a sample of old-old adults. Purpose seemed to be influenced by age and income.

Keywords : older adults; longevity; well-being; goal-directedness.

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