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Revista Ambiente & Água

versão On-line ISSN 1980-993X

Resumo

BRITO, Sofia Luiza; PEREIRA, Thiago Torres Costa  e  MARTINS, Inez Cristina. Sediments of watersheds from Frutal and Bebedouro Streams (Frutal, MG, Brazil) as an indicator of human activities. Rev. Ambient. Água [online]. 2017, vol.12, n.1, pp.17-32. ISSN 1980-993X.  https://doi.org/10.4136/ambi-agua.1978.

Soil degradation is a physical process intensified by political and socioeconomic factors, and by the population growth of the 20th century. In this study, we evaluated the sediments of the Frutal and Bebedouro Streams, located in Frutal municipality, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, and their relation to major human activities that are responsible soil erosion and silting. Samples were collected between 2012 and 2013 for the determination of granulometric composition, organic matter content, and minerals in sediments. The Wentworth scale was used for particle size measurement, and then the size classes regrouped to ABNT scale (NBR 6502/1995). The results found that agriculture and cattle ranching are the main activities that cause intense erosion and silting in both watersheds. Bebedouro Stream is better preserved, as it is completely located in rural area with larger riparian vegetation, unlike the mid-stretch of Frutal Stream, which is located in an urban area. Quartz is the predominant mineral in the sediments as the soils of the region are formed by sandstones; consequently, few nutritional elements were found in the studied samples. Principal component analysis showed that water quality parameters are correlated to silt/clays and organic matter content in most of the collected stations.

Palavras-chave : cerrado; rhodic ferralsols; soil erosion..

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