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Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas

versão impressa ISSN 1981-8122versão On-line ISSN 2178-2547

Resumo

OLIVEIRA, Joana Cabral de. Worlds of gardens and forests. Bol. Mus. Para. Emílio Goeldi. Ciênc. hum. [online]. 2016, vol.11, n.1, pp.115-131. ISSN 2178-2547.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1981.81222016000100007.

In this paper I intend to explore the relationship between the areas of garden (koo) and forest (ka’a), a major opposition in Wajãpi cosmology. The Wajãpi are a Tupi group located in the state of Amapá. In their cosmology the garden and forest do not constitute a fixed opposition, but represent relational positions that move into two directions: a dynamic of territorial occupation by cultivating areas of primary forest, followed by the abandoning of clearings after the harvest; and perspectival relationships that shift the categories of garden and forest, cultivated and non-cultivated, through different subjects. In this context, understanding the dynamics of the relationships between forest and cultivation is critical for a better comprehension of the Wajãpi perspective on agricultural activity. I propose a reflection that establishes a dialogue with historical ecology that points to the existence of anthropic forests. In this way, agriculture is presented as a central activity for the production of biodiversity and areas of anthropic forests.

Palavras-chave : Wajãpi; Gardens; Ex-gardens and forests; Anthropic fores; Indigenous agriculture; Amerindian ontologies.

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