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Revista Caatinga

Print version ISSN 0100-316XOn-line version ISSN 1983-2125

Abstract

FRACETTO, FELIPE JOSÉ CURY et al. GREENHOUSE GAS FROM CASTOR BEAN PRODUCTION AND THEIR SUBPRODUCTS. Rev. Caatinga [online]. 2015, vol.28, n.4, pp.90-98. ISSN 1983-2125.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1983-21252015v28n410rc.

The largest production of castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) focuses on Bahia savanna, where the change of land use to their cultivation has been considered a strategy of degraded areas recovery. However, changes in the native soil can arise environmental impacts as greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. We have assumed that higher GHG emissions come from a change of land use for castor bean cultivation and their sub-products contribute to GHG emissions. The objective of this study was to make the inventory of the emission of GHG resulting from the castor bean cultivation and their sub-products. It was done a study in the municipality of Irecê-BA and were evaluated: changes in carbon (C) soil stocks in cultivated areas with castor bean and Local native forest; a number of senescent leaves and the biomass produced epigeal; GHG emissions from the sub- products of castor bean. The results showed that the sum of senescent leaves and epigeal biomass obtained by castor bean pruning is more than 1.6 Mg ha-1ano-1 and the castor bean residues used in this soil presented N2O emissions close to 600 µg m-2. The emissions from the use of castor oil biodiesel represented less than 10% of the emissions. The change in land use handled high emissions of greenhouse gases, accounting for 87% of the total in CO2eq. Compared to emissions estimated for sugarcane ethanol, castor biodiesel showed emissions 32% lower.

Keywords : Brazilian semiarid; Land use change; Castor bean phytomass; Biofuel..

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