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Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária

On-line version ISSN 1984-2961

Abstract

VIANA, Rinaldo Batista et al. Parasitic dynamics of gastrointestinal nematode infection in the periparturient period of beef cattle in the State of Para. Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. (Online) [online]. 2009, vol.18, n.4, pp.49-52. ISSN 1984-2961.  https://doi.org/10.4322/rbpv.01804009.

The experiment was conducted to investigate the dynamics of infection by gastrointestinal nematodes during the periparturition period in cows. One hundred and six beef cows were divided into two groups: G1 was formed by 42 cows of one and two parturitions, and G2 by 76 cows of three or more parturitions. From the 120 days pre partum until the 90 days post partum, feces were collected for faecal egg counts (EPG) while blood was collected to determine the packed cell volume and hemoglobin levels of each animal, with monthly intervals. In the same intervals the body condition scores (BCS) were evaluated. The mean values ± standard deviation of the EPG for G1 were equal to 19.4 ± 42.9, and for G2 31.1 ± 68.0. No significant differences were observed between G1 and G2 in relation to EPG and hematological parameters, which remained within normal patterns for both groups. The two groups had higher counts of EPG in the post partum period than in the pre partum period, with averages of 32.5 ± 55.5 and 51.5 ± 84.8 for groups G1 and G2, respectively. A significant difference (p < 0.05) in the parameters was observed when comparing the pre and post partum within each group studied resulting in declining values of blood and body score and an increase in EPG in the post partum. The results suggest that the cows may be more susceptible to infection by nematodes from giving birth up to 90 days post partum. However, adult cows, when well-managed, are not an important factor in the epidemiology of gastrointestinal nematodes, even in the post partum period.

Keywords : Bovine; gastrointestinal nematodes; periparturient; parasitic dynamics.

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