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Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária

On-line version ISSN 1984-2961

Abstract

RAMOS, Rafael Antonio do Nascimento et al. Polymerase chain reaction and real-time PCR for diagnosing of Leishmania infantum chagasi in dogs. Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. [online]. 2012, vol.21, n.3, pp.192-195. ISSN 1984-2961.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612012000300003.

The importance of dogs as a reservoir for Leishmania infantumchagasi in urban environments has stimulated numerous studies assessing diagnostic techniques. When performed properly, such procedures are an important step in preventing leishmaniasis in humans. Molecular methods have become prominent for this purpose. The aim of the present study was to determine the performance of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real-time PCR (qPCR) for diagnosing of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) using different biological samples. For this, 35 dogs from an area endemic for CVL were used. Bone marrow aspirate and lymph node and spleen fragments from these dogs were used for the molecular diagnosis. In the present study, qPCR was able to detect a greater number of positive animals than seen with PCR. Among the different biological samples used, there was no significant difference in L. infantumchagasi DNA detection between PCR and qPCR. However, considering that lymph nodes are easy to acquire, these can be considered to be the best samples for making molecular diagnoses of L. infantum chagasi infection.

Keywords : Leishmaniasis; diagnosis; molecular; L. infantum chagasi.

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