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Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária

Print version ISSN 0103-846XOn-line version ISSN 1984-2961

Abstract

LEMOS, Tatiana Didonet et al. Clinical and hematological evaluation of Rangelia vitalii-naturally infected dogs in southeastern Brazil. Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. [online]. 2017, vol.26, n.3, pp.307-313.  Epub Aug 24, 2017. ISSN 1984-2961.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1984-29612017040.

Rangelia vitalii, a tick-borne piroplasm that infects dogs, has been recently molecularly characterized in Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina. Studies on molecular characterization of these piroplasms in different Brazilian regions are scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and hematological changes in dogs caused by R. vitalii in the mountainous region of the state of Rio de Janeiro. Blood samples from 36 dogs were evaluated for piroplasms and hematological disorders using light microscopy and molecular analysis. Blood samples from all the animals included in this study were confirmed to be positive for R. vitalii through genetic sequencing. Clinical signspresented by 24 of the 36 dogs of the study were evaluated during appointments or hospitalization within private practice. The most frequent clinical disorders in these dogs that were naturally infected with R. vitalii were fever, spontaneous cutaneous bleeding and diarrhea. Normochromic non-regenerative anemia and thrombocytopenia were the most common hematological disorders in these R. vitalii-positive dogs and therefore should be considered in hematological evaluations on suspected cases.

Keywords : Piroplasm; Rangelia vitalii; dogs; PCR; hematological evaluation.

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