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Zoologia (Curitiba)

Print version ISSN 1984-4670On-line version ISSN 1984-4689


BUMBEER, Janaína  and  ROCHA, Rosana Moreira da. Invading the natural marine substrates: a case study with invertebrates in South Brazil. Zoologia (Curitiba) [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.3, e20150211.  Epub June 20, 2016. ISSN 1984-4689.

The number of biological invasions has grown dramatically in recent decades, as well as the world's human population and coastal development. Anthropogenic habitats, such as pier pilings and break waters, have been constantly added to marine environment, usually concentrated in estuarine areas. These habitats are focal points for marine invasions, but relatively little is known about the spread of non-indigenous species (NIS) to nearby natural habitats. This study aimed to determine the extent to which NIS have spread to natural substrates both inside estuarine areas and in the adjacent open sea. We conducted a field survey and a literature review, which have been critically discussed and validated. The updated NIS list of benthic invertebrates comprises 19 species: Ascidiacea (5), Cirripedia (5), Cnidaria (3), Mollusca (3), Polychaeta (1), Decapoda (1), and Echinodermata (1). Our results suggested substantial spread of non-indigenous species into natural substrates. Altogether, 18 and 16 NIS were recorded in artificial and natural substrata, both representing 13% of the total species in each habitat. The percentage of NIS was more pronounced in the estuarine areas, 17.6% in artificial habitats and 18.6% in natural ones. Programs developed for the monitoring of marine invasion have to broaden their focus including natural areas adjacent to ports and marinas, to follow the spread and impact of NIS on these areas.

Keywords : Anthropogenic habitats; natural habitats; checklist; invertebrates; marine bioinvasion.

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