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Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology

On-line version ISSN 1984-7033

Abstract

RAMOS, Santiago Linorio Ferreyra et al. Determination of the mating system of Tucumã palm using microsatellite markers. Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. (Online) [online]. 2011, vol.11, n.2, pp.181-185. ISSN 1984-7033.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-70332011000200011.

The Amazonian Tucumã palm (Astrocaryum aculeatum) produces edible fruit, traditionally consumed in indigenous communities and increasingly in urban centers. The species is incipiently domesticated and little studied, despite its growing economic importance for smallholder farmers and gatherers. Studies on the mating system are required for the conservation and use of the species' genetic resources. Our objective was to estimate mating system parameters of the Tucumã palm using microsatellite markers. Plants of 11 progenies of a spontaneous population were genotyped with eight microsatellite loci and the mating system parameters estimated. The population outcrossing rate was estimated at 0.978, and ranged from 0.774 to 1at the family level. The estimates of the correlation of paternity (0.176 and 0.205) suggest a low probability of full-sibs within progenies. Tucumã palm is a predominantly allogamous species and the open-pollinated progenies consist predominantly of half-sibs.

Keywords : Astrocaryum aculeatum; palm domestication; microsatellite markers; outcrossing rate; characterization of genetic resources.

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