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Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology

versão impressa ISSN 1518-7853versão On-line ISSN 1984-7033

Resumo

SILVEIRA, Luís Cláudio Inácio da et al. Selection in energy cane families. Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. [online]. 2016, vol.16, n.4, pp.298-306. ISSN 1984-7033.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1984-70332016v16n4a45.

The objective of this study was to identify superior parents for crosses and the best families to breed new clones of energy cane. The best-performing parents were RB867515, RB93509, KRAKATAU, IM76-228, IM76-229, and US85-1008. The heritability and accuracy values for the traits tons of cane per hectare, fiber, and sucrose content indicate high correlation between the predicted genotypic means and observed values, enabling efficient selection of the best cane energy families. The extensive genetic variation detected and the presence of promising seedlings in the selected segregating population indicate the possibility of using new crosses in some clones and even in future commercial plantings. It was possible to identify the best parents involved in the evaluated crosses, and to select, in the best families, seedlings with a high fiber and good sucrose content, seedlings with high fiber and low sugar content, as well as seedlings with the same fiber and sucrose contents as the current cultivars.

Palavras-chave : Saccharum spp.; bioenergy; fiber; crop breeding..

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