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urbe. Revista Brasileira de Gestão Urbana

versão On-line ISSN 2175-3369

Resumo

CASTRO, Raifran Abidimar de. The involuntary resettlement areas in urbanization and sanitation programs: the cases of Promaben, Prosamim and Probacanga. urbe, Rev. Bras. Gest. Urbana [online]. 2016, vol.8, n.3, pp.425-437.  Epub 22-Ago-2016. ISSN 2175-3369.  https://doi.org/10.1590/2175-3369.008.003.AO010.

We present an analysis of the involuntary resettlement process (IR) deployed in urban development projects. We selected programs being implemented in the Brazilian Amazonia: the “ProBacanga” from São Luis - Maranhão, which receives funding from the IBRD; and two programs supported by the IDB: the “PROMABEN” Belém - Pará; and Manaus - Amazonas, the “PROSAMIM”. We conducted a bibliographic and documentary research using reports of banks and state and local governments implementing programs, complemented with academic texts, followed by a theoretical basis of neoliberal urbanism. It begins with an analysis of the IBRD and IDB financing, and their relationship with the neoliberal urbanism, followed by a presentation of major theoretical vision on the IR processes, and how the banks cited the operate their financing. We present the main features of the three programs, with emphasis on IR data and reviews. The analysis shows many indications that the resettlement used in the three programs are related to the principles of neoliberal urbanism. It is noticed that there is a competition among cities, and that these programs prioritize the urban embellishment. The IR has generated uncertainty in communities and prevents access to basic public services.

Palavras-chave : Urban intervention; Neoliberal urbanismo; Gentrification.

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