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Bakhtiniana: Revista de Estudos do Discurso

On-line version ISSN 2176-4573

Abstract

MARQUES, Ângela Cristina Salgueiro  and  MARTINO, Luís Mauro Sá. Between the Decent and the Precarious: A Biopolitical Framework of Women in Journalistic Photographs about the Bolsa-Família Program. Bakhtiniana, Rev. Estud. Discurso [online]. 2020, vol.15, n.1, pp.33-60.  Epub Nov 28, 2019. ISSN 2176-4573.  https://doi.org/10.1590/2176-457339739.

From the perspectives of Foucault, Fassin, Rancière and Butler, this paper outlines the existence of a biopolitical framing in press pictures of impoverished women included in the Bolsa Familia social project. The present reflection is based on the partial results of a research project developed with the financial support of CNPq in which we analyze a total of 150 pictures related to the Bolsa Família Program. They were collected from the newspapers Folha de S. Paulo, O Estado de S. Paulo, O Globo, and the magazines Veja and IstoÉ from 2003 to 2015. We argue that the biopolitical framing involves the production of narratives that distinguish ways of life that are “dignified” from those that are not. It also highlights situations of vulnerability and governmentality that shape appearances and prepare them to define citizens and exemplary groups, using certain parameters for consideration and appreciation.

Keywords : Photojournalism; Framing; Biopolitics; Women; Bolsa-Família.

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