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Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology

versão On-line ISSN 2197-0025

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ZANDONADI, Daniel Basílio et al. Plant physiology as affected by humified organic matter. Theor. Exp. Plant Physiol. [online]. 2013, vol.25, n.1, pp.13-25. ISSN 2197-0025.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S2197-00252013000100003.

Since the beginning of Human civilization, the soil organic matter has been used as plant growth promoter and/or regulator. Indeed, early in plant science history, even before the auxin concept has been established, the term "auximones" was coined to describe plant growth promoting humic acids derived from peat. Despite of this, until the end of the 20th century, humic substances remained as some of the most neglected environment signals in plant physiology research. However, this scenario has changed in last decade with the discovery that the major systems of energy transduction of the plant cell membranes, the proton pumps, can be tightly orchestrated by humic substances just as elicited by a hormonal signaling. Differential activations of both plasma membrane (PM H+-ATPase) and vacuolar pumps (V-ATPase and H+-PPase) are modulated by humic substances triggering ion signatures related to specific patterns of plant growth and development. Phytohormones have been found to be associated with this humus bioactivity, and nitric oxide acting as a second messenger in a signaling pathway in which plants can sense the soil environment to cope with specific conditions. In this review, we discuss some of the most influential data available in literature, which have shaped this underexplored interface between the chemistry of the organic matter and the plant physiology. The key role of organic matter in the sustainable agriculture will also be highlighted from a biochemical perspective of the plant cell responses to biofertilization, specially in tropical environments.

Palavras-chave : auxin; biofertilizer; humus; proton pumps; vegetables; vermicompost.

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