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Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

Print version ISSN 2237-6089On-line version ISSN 2238-0019

Abstract

ABAZARNEJAD, Tayebe et al. Effectiveness of psycho-educational counseling on anxiety in preeclampsia. Trends Psychiatry Psychother. [online]. 2019, vol.41, n.3, pp.276-282.  Epub Aug 01, 2019. ISSN 2238-0019.  https://doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2017-0134.

Introduction

Preeclampsia is a serious complication during pregnancy that not only influences maternal and fetal physical health, but also has maternal mental health outcomes such as anxiety. Prenatal anxiety has negative short- and long-term effects on pre- and postpartum maternal mental health, delivery, and mental health in subsequent pregnancies.

Objective

To investigate the effectiveness of individual psycho-educational counseling on anxiety in pregnant women with preeclampsia.

Methods

This was a randomized, intervention-controlled study involving two governmental hospitals in the municipality of Sirjan, Kerman, from January 30 2017 to March 31 2017. A total of 44 pregnant women with preeclampsia were assessed. The women were randomized into two groups: control (n=22) and intervention (n=22). The intervention consisted of two sessions of individual psycho-educational counseling. The level of anxiety was measured using the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) as pretest before the first session and as posttest after the second session during the hospitalization period.

Results

There was a significant reduction in the anxiety level after the counselling sessions in the intervention group (p<0.005). In addition, there was a slight increase in the anxiety level in the control group after the study.

Conclusion

According to the results, psycho-educational counseling can significantly reduce the anxiety level in pregnant women with preeclampsia. Therefore, it is recommended that healthcare providers provide this type of therapeutic intervention for pregnant women after hospitalization, in order to reduce their anxiety level and its subsequent negative outcomes. Clinical trial registration: IRCT2017082029817N3.

Keywords : Psycho-educational counseling; anxiety; preeclampsia; pregnant women.

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