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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

Print version ISSN 1679-4974On-line version ISSN 2237-9622

Abstract

MALTA, Deborah Carvalho et al. Use of tobacco and exposure to tobacco smoke in Brazil: results from the National Health Survey 2013Use of tobacco and exposure to tobacco smoke in Brazil: results from the National Health Survey 2013. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2015, vol.24, n.2, pp.239-248. ISSN 2237-9622.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/S1679-49742015000200006.

OBJECTIVE:

to describe indicators related to tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke in Brazil.

METHODS

: this was a descriptive study using National Health Survey 2013 data.

RESULTS:

prevalence of current tobacco use was 15.0% (95%CI 14.4%-15.5%), mainly via smoking (14.7%; 95%CI 14.2%-15.2%); in the 12 months preceding the interview, 51% (95%CI 49.3%-52.9%) of current smokers had tried to quit smoking; the prevalence of former smokers was 17.5%(95%CI 16.9%-18.0%), 19.2% (95%CI 18.3%-20.1%) in males and 11.2% (95%CI 10.6%-11.8%) in females; prevalence of exposure to tobacco smoke at home was 10.7%(95%CI 10.2%-11.3%) whilst in enclosed work places it was 13.5%(95%CI 12.6%-14.4 %).

CONCLUSION:

in comparison with other countries, the prevalence of tobacco consumption in Brazil was low, as was exposure to tobacco smoke; nevertheless, around one-sixth of the population consumed some kind of tobacco product.

Keywords : Smoking; Chronic Disease; Health Surveys; Passive Smoking; Epidemiology, Descriptive.

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