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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

Print version ISSN 1679-4974On-line version ISSN 2237-9622

Abstract

OLIVEIRA, Max Moura de et al. High self-reported salt intake in adults: data from the National Health Survey, Brazil, 2013Self-reported high salt intake in adults: data from the National Health Survey, Brazil, 2013. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2015, vol.24, n.2, pp.249-256. ISSN 2237-9622.  https://doi.org/10.5123/S1679-49742015000200007.

OBJECTIVE:

to describe self-reported high sodium consumption prevalence in adults and compare results in Brazilian capitals and the Federal District based on data from the 2013 National Health Survey (PNS) and from the 2013 Surveillance System for Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel).

METHODS:

this was a descriptive study using PNS and Vigitel data, estimating prevalence and confidence intervals (95%CI).

RESULTS:

PNS data indicates that 14.2% (95%CI:13.6%-14.7%) of adults reported high sodium consumption. It was higher in men (16.1%;95%CI:15.3-16.9), people aged 18-29 (17.7%;95%CI:16.2-19.2), those with higher education (17.3%;95%CI:15.6-19.0), living in urban areas (14.8%;95%CI:13.6-14.7), and in Southern Brazil (18.2%;95%CI:16.8-19.7). When comparing capitals, there was no statistical difference between PNS and Vigitel, although statistical difference was found in Rio Branco and Aracaju.

CONCLUSION:

similar rates of high prevalence were found in both studies, reinforcing Vigitel's important monitoring role.

Keywords : Sodium Chloride, Dietary; Life Style; Feeding Behavior; Risk Factors; Epidemiology, Descriptive.

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