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Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde

Print version ISSN 1679-4974On-line version ISSN 2237-9622

Abstract

ANDRADE, Silvânia Suely de Araújo et al. Self-reported hypertension prevalence in the Brazilian population: analysis of the National Health Survey, 2013. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [online]. 2015, vol.24, n.2, pp.297-304. ISSN 2237-9622.  https://doi.org/10.5123/S1679-49742015000200012.

OBJECTIVE:

to describe self-reported hypertension prevalence in Brazilian adults (aged 18 or over) for the entire country and by urban/rural areas, regions and states.

METHODS:

this was a descriptive study using 2013 National Health Survey data from a sample of 60,202 adults; prevalence and respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated according to sex, age, schooling and race/skin color.

RESULTS:

hypertension prevalence was 21.4% (95%CI:20.8-22.0); prevalence was highest among women (24.2%; 95%CI:23.4-24.9), individuals aged over 75 (55.0%; 95%CI:51.8-58.3), those with less schooling (31.1%; 95%CI:30.1-32.2), black skin color (24.2%; 95%CI:22.2-26.3), those living in urban areas (21.7%; 95%CI:21.0-22.3), in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (24.9%; 95%CI:22.7-27.1) and in the Southeast region (23.3%; 95%CI:23.3-24.3).

CONCLUSION:

hypertension prevalence was high in Brazilian adults, mainly among those aged 60 or over, with less schooling, living in urban areas and in the Southeast region.

Keywords : Hypertension; Prevalence; Health Surveys; Chronic Disease; Epidemiology, Descriptive.

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