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CoDAS

versão On-line ISSN 2317-1782

Resumo

ARCURI, Cláudia Fassin; SCHIEFER, Ana Maria  e  AZEVEDO, Marisa Frasson de. Research about suppression effect and auditory processing in individuals who stutter. CoDAS [online]. 2017, vol.29, n.3, e20160230.  Epub 22-Maio-2017. ISSN 2317-1782.  https://doi.org/10.1590/2317-1782/20172016230.

Purpose

To verify the auditory processing abilities and occurrence of the suppression effect of Otoacoustic Emissions (OAE) in individuals who stutter.

Methods

The study sample comprised 15 adult individuals who stutter, aged 18-40 years, with stuttering severity ranging from mild to severe, paired according to gender, age, and schooling with individuals without speech complaint or disorder. All participants underwent conventional clinical evaluation, specific stuttering assessment, and basic (audiometry, imitanciometry, and measurement of acoustic reflexes) and specific (auditory processing evaluation and measurement of suppression effect of OAEs) audiological assessments. Data were statistically analyzed with application of the Fisher's Exact Test and the Mann-Whitney Test.

Results

The group of individuals who stutter (Study Group – SG) presented higher incidence of auditory processing disorders. The auditory processing assessments used to differentiate the groups of stutterers and non-stutterers (Control Group – CG) were the Nonverbal Dichotic Test and the Frequency Pattern Test. The SG presented higher incidence of absence of suppression effect of OAEs, indicating abnormal functioning of the efferent medial olivocochlear system.

Conclusion

The auditory processing abilities investigated in this study differentiate individuals who stutter from non-stutterers, with greater changes in the first. Functioning of the efferent medial olivocochlear system showed a deficit in stutterers, indicating difficulties in auditory discrimination, especially in the presence of noise.

Palavras-chave : Stuttering; Hearing; Otoacoustic Emissions; Auditory-perceptual Disorders; Hearing Tests.

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