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CoDAS

versão On-line ISSN 2317-1782

Resumo

PINTO, Maria Daniela Borro et al. Intensive treatment of speech disorders in robin sequence: a case report. CoDAS [online]. 2017, vol.29, n.5, e20160084.  Epub 23-Out-2017. ISSN 2317-1782.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-1782/20172016084.

Purpose

To describe the speech of a patient with Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) and severe speech disorders before and after participating in an Intensive Speech Therapy Program (ISTP).

Methods

The ISTP consisted of two daily sessions of therapy over a 36-week period, resulting in a total of 360 therapy sessions. The sessions included the phases of establishment, generalization, and maintenance. A combination of strategies, such as modified contrast therapy and speech sound perception training, were used to elicit adequate place of articulation. The ISTP addressed correction of place of production of oral consonants and maximization of movement of the pharyngeal walls with a speech bulb reduction program. Therapy targets were addressed at the phonetic level with a gradual increase in the complexity of the productions hierarchically (e.g., syllables, words, phrases, conversation) while simultaneously addressing the velopharyngeal hypodynamism with speech bulb reductions.

Results

Re-evaluation after the ISTP revealed normal speech resonance and articulation with the speech bulb. Nasoendoscopic assessment indicated consistent velopharyngeal closure for all oral sounds with the speech bulb in place.

Conclusion

Intensive speech therapy, combined with the use of the speech bulb, yielded positive outcomes in the rehabilitation of a clinical case with severe speech disorders associated with velopharyngeal dysfunction in Pierre Robin Sequence.

Palavras-chave : Pierre Robin Sequence; Speech; Velopharyngeal Dysfunction; Cleft Palate; Speech Bulb; Speech Therapy.

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