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CoDAS

versão On-line ISSN 2317-1782

Resumo

CARVALHO, Cláudia Lopes; BELAN, Ariella Fornachari Ribeiro; CASTRO, Leila Regina de  e  RADANOVIC, Márcia. Analysis of the linguistic profile in down syndrome using the arizona battery for communication disorders of dementia – a pilot study. CoDAS [online]. 2018, vol.30, n.2, e20170164.  Epub 12-Mar-2018. ISSN 2317-1782.  https://doi.org/10.1590/2317-1782/20182017164.

Purpose

To characterize the linguistic profile of adults and elderly with Down Syndrome (DS) using the Arizona Battery for Communication Disorders of Dementia (ABCD).

Methods

Thirty adult individuals with DS were evaluated through the MoCA cognitive battery, four functional scales (Pfeffer, Lawton-IADL, Katz-IADL and IQCODE) and the ABCD battery, which evaluates Mental State, Episodic Memory, Linguistic Expression, Linguistic Comprehension and Visuospatial Construction. The scores obtained by the individuals in the ABCD were correlated to those obtained on the Lawton-IADL scale.

Results

Individuals with DS had significantly lower performance than cognitively normal adults and elderly as described in Brazilian studies. Due to the lack of similar studies in our country, we compared our results to those of elderly with Alzheimer's Disease (AD), verifying that the performance of the DS population is similar to that of AD patients, although the former presented better scores on episodic immediate memory tests. There was a significant positive correlation between the scores obtained in the Lawton-IADL and those on the constructs Mental State, Episodic Memory, Linguistic Comprehension and Total ABCD.

Conclusion

The ABCD battery is a useful tool in the evaluation of adults and elderly with DS and the performance of individuals in this battery correlates with indices of functionality. This is a pioneer study in Brazil, and it points to the need for a better characterization of the linguistic abilities of individuals with DS, in order to allow the elaboration of strategies that stimulate their communicative abilities as to promote greater social insertion for this population.

Palavras-chave : Down Syndrome; Language; Dementia; Cognition; Aging.

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