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Audiology - Communication Research

versão On-line ISSN 2317-6431

Resumo

CASSIANI, Rachel de Aguiar et al. Glottal competence in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Audiol., Commun. Res. [online]. 2013, vol.18, n.3, pp.149-154. ISSN 2317-6431.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S2317-64312013000300003.

PURPOSE: This study correlates the extent of maximum phonation time (MPT) with the volume of air exhaled in the first second pulmonary (FEV1) and compares the MPT emission of /s/, /z/ and s/z ratio in healthy subjects and those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: We studied 14 normal volunteers (control group), mean age 65 years, and 16 patients with COPD, mean age 68 years. The diagnosis of COPD was done by clinical and pulmonary function evaluation. Participants underwent spirometry for analysis of the parameters FEV1, forced vital capacity (FVC) and Tiffeneau index (FEV1/FVC). The maximum phonation time, along with phonemes /s/ and /z/, s/z ratio correlation, and maximum phonation time in both normal and forced phonation were collected and recorded. RESULTS: In both groups, the maximum phonation time with normal phonation was lower than the maximum phonation time with forced phonation. The median of the maximum phonation time in the control group was higher than in the COPD group. There was no correlation between the maximum phonation time and FEV1, in normal volunteers and patients with COPD. CONCLUSION: Patients with COPD have decreased maximum phonation time, while the s/z ratio does not suggest changes in the level of the vocal folds, since the values found were within the normal range. There was no correlation of the TMF and the measure of FEV1.

Palavras-chave : Larynx; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive; Phonation; Voice; Dysphonia.

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