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RBRH

versão impressa ISSN 1414-381Xversão On-line ISSN 2318-0331

Resumo

STEINMETZ, Alice Alonzo et al. Spatial discretization influence on flood modeling using unit hydrograph theory. RBRH [online]. 2019, vol.24, e16.  Epub 04-Abr-2019. ISSN 2318-0331.  https://doi.org/10.1590/2318-0331.241920180143.

The Unit Hydrograph (UH) is the most popular method for flood related applications. There are several conceptual and geomorphological models based on UH and coupled with different spatial discretizations. However, there are few studies concerning the evaluation of UH models according to semi-distributed approaches. This study aimed to assess the influence of lumped and semi-distributed modeling on the applicability of Soil Conservation Service UH (SCS UH) and Clark’s Instantaneous UH (Clark’s IUH) for estimation of flood hydrographs. The methodological procedures were conducted in the Hydrological Modeling System (HEC-HMS) using rainfall-runoff events of a gauged watershed in Southern Brazil. The main conclusions were: a) CIUH under the semi-distributed approach provided slightly superior performance; b) CIUH was able to effectively estimate the direct surface runoff hydrographs even for long duration rainfall events; c) SCS UH presented more accurate hydrographs for lumped modeling; d) the Nelder and Mead algorithm may have limited application.

Palavras-chave : Direct surface runoff; Hydrological monitoring; Lumped modeling; Semi-distributed modeling; HEC-HMS.

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