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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

versión impresa ISSN 0004-282Xversión On-line ISSN 1678-4227

Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. vol.77 no.3 São Paulo marzo 2019

https://doi.org/10.1590/0004-282x20190016 

Letter

Methanol intoxication, lentiform fork sign, plasma methanol and osmolar gap

Intoxicação por metanol, sinal do lentiforme (garfo), metanol plasmático e gap osmolar

1TWS Academic Center, Bangkok Thailand

2Adjunct professor, Joseph Ayobabalola University, Ikeji-Arakeji, Nigeria


Dear Editor,

We found the report on “Acute methanol poisoning” very interesting1. The clinical image of this patient may confirm that he has the neurological problem due to metabolic acidosis. The neuroimaging finding in this patient may be a case with lentiform fork sign that is nonspecific for methanol intoxication2. With the lack of a good complete clinical history, it is difficult to judge whether the case is an actual neurological problem due to methanol poisoning. The important concern is on the laboratory parameters of the patient. The high plasma methanol level, but normal osmolar gap, should be discussed. The plasma methanol concentration reported could be fatal for the patient and the osmolar gap should not be normal. In methanol intoxication, the normal osmolar gap might be possible but the plasma methanol should not high3. The cause of high methanol has also been reported to be a false positive in patients with ketoacidosis or hyperglycemia4,5. The alcoholic ketoacidosis may present with a false positive high plasma methanol, acidosis with a normal osmolar gap and lentiform fork sign.

References

1 Villamar MF. Acute methanol poisoning. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2018 Sep;76(9):636-7. https://doi.org/10.1590/0004-282x20180060Links ]

2 Grasso D, Borreggine C, Perfetto F, Bertozzi V, Trivisano M, Specchio LM, et al. Lentiform fork sign: a magnetic resonance finding in a case of acute metabolic acidosis. Neuroradiol J. 2014 Jun;27(3):288-92. https://doi.org/10.15274/NRJ-2014-10041Links ]

3 Hovda KE, Hunderi OH, Rudberg N, Froyshov S, Jacobsen D. Anion and osmolal gaps in the diagnosis of methanol poisoning: clinical study in 28 patients. Intensive Care Med. 2004 Sep;30(9):1842-6. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-004-2373-7Links ]

4 Górska A, Zaleski K, Zapalska-Pozarowska K, Szponar J. [Difficulties in interpreting the results of laboratory tests for methanol concentration in serum of patients with metabolic acidosis of various origins]. Przegl Lek. 2012;69(8):595-8. Polish. [ Links ]

5 Renom G, Maisonneuve N, Kim I, Dehon B, Azar R. Major ketogenesis and the absence of an osmolar gap in an atypical case of alcoholic ketoacidosis. Ann Clin Biochem. 2003 Jul;40(Pt 4):424-6. https://doi.org/10.1258/000456303766477110Links ]

Received: October 30, 2018; Accepted: November 28, 2018

Correspondence: Pathum Sookaromdee; TWS Academic Center, Bangkok Thailand; Email: pathumsook@gmail.com

Conflict of interest: There is no conflict of interest to declare.

Creative Commons License This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.