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Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0031-1049On-line version ISSN 1807-0205

Pap. Avulsos Zool. vol.60  São Paulo  2020  Epub Apr 06, 2020

https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-0205/2020.60.15 

ARTICLE

Catalogue of Rangomaramidae (Diptera: Bibionomorpha) types housed in the collection of the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil

Rafaela Lopes Falaschi1  4 
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3046-5744

Edna Maria Amaral1  5 
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3981-2693

Carlos José Einicker Lamas2  3 
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7750-590X

1Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa (UEPG), Departamento de Biologia Estrutural, Molecular e Genética, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Evolutiva. Ponta Grossa, PR, Brasil

2Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Museu de Zoologia (MZUSP). São Paulo, SP, Brasil. E-mail: einicker@usp.br

3Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), fellowship


Abstract

This paper provides a catalogue of the type specimens of Rangomaramidae (Diptera: Bibionomorpha) held in the collection of the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil (MZUSP). Label data and the condition of 26 type-specimens (three holotypes and 23 paratypes) of four Neotropical species are provided.

Key-Words. Nomenclature; Scientific collections; Taxonomy; Type material

INTRODUCTION

Brazil is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world in terms of the species richness of its fauna and flora. The Brazilian most important scientific collection for animal diversity is the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo (MZUSP), São Paulo, Brazil. The MZUSP collection houses more than 8,000 fly species and six hundred thousand mounted specimens, being the largest and most important depository of Neotropical Diptera in Brazil and in South America. Additional information on the collection is available at www.mz.usp.br.

The family Rangomaramidae was erected by Jaschhof & Didham (2002) for five New Zealand species of the genus Rangomarama Jaschhof & Didham. The concept of the family was revised by Amorim & Rindal (2007), who recognized four main clades ranked as subfamilies in Rangomaramidae. These subfamilies encompass genera that for quite long had an uncertain position within the Mycetophiliformia (sensuAmorim & Rindal, 2007 = Sciaroidea). A monophyletic Rangomaramidae, as can be seen by Amorim & Rindal’s (2007) discussion, is still not to be taken for granted. Having them gathered corresponds, however, to one of the most parcimonious solutions for the problem of the relationship between four main sciaroid clades-Rangomaraminae, Ohakuneinae, Heterotrichinae and Chiletrichinae-and allowed to gather most of the genera that were unplaced in the Sciaroidea.

Six genera and twenty species of Rangomaramidae have been recorded so far for the Neotropical region, that belong to the genera Chiletricha Chandler, Eratomyia Amorim & Rindal, Ohakunea Edwards, Colonomyia Colless, Cabamofa Jaschhof and Rogambara Jaschhof (Amorim & Falaschi, 2012). Catalogues of the Neotropical fauna of Rangomaramidae were presented, respectively, by Amorim & Falaschi (2012), Falaschi & Amorim (2016) and Falaschi (2019). There is information about an undescribed species of Ohakunea from southeastern Brazil (D.S. Amorim, pers. com.).

The present paper provides a catalogue with information on 26 type-specimens (three holotypes and 23 paratypes) of four Neotropical species of two of the genera of the family Rangomaramidae held in the collection of the MZUSP (Table 1), following a recommendation of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN, 1999: 72F.4).

Table 1 Type specimens of Rangomaramidae held in the MZUSP, in alphabetical order of subfamily, genus and species epithet, with reference to the number of specimens, males, and females, for each type category. 

Species list Holotype Paratypes
Subfamily ChiletrichinaeAmorim & Rindal, 2007
Eratomyia magnificaAmorim & Rindal, 2007 1♂
Eratomyia risaraldaAmorim & Falaschi, 2010 1♀
Subfamily OhakuneinaeAmorim & Rindal, 2007
Colonomyia brasilianaAmorim & Rindal, 2007 1♂ 4♂
Colonomyia freemaniAmorim & Rindal, 2007 1♂ 13♂, 5♀

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The list given below is in alphabetical order of subfamily, genus, and epithet. Names, combinations, and spellings follow the available catalogues of Rangomaramidae Amorim & Falaschi (2012), Falaschi & Amorim (2016) and Falaschi (2019).

The standard for reproducing the information on the labels follows previous catalogues of general Diptera and Bibionomorpha housed in other major museums collections of Neotropical fauna (e.g., for the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, in Yamaguchi & Lamas, 2009; Fachin & Lamas, 2015; Falaschi et al., 2016; Mello & Lamas, 2011). All types listed here are dry-pinned or slide-mounted specimens. Herein we present some slide photos, but high-resolution photographs will be subsequently provided for most primary types at MZUSP’s homepage (www.mz.usp.br).

Acronyms used for the depositories:

IAvH: Alexander von Humboldt Biological Resources Research Institute, Bogota;

MZUSP: Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Family Rangomaramidae Jaschhof & Didham, 2002

Subfamily Chiletrichinae Amorim & Rindal, 2007

Genus Eratomyia Amorim & Rindal, 2007

Eratomyia magnificaAmorim & Rindal, 2007 (Fig. 1)

Figure 1 Eratomyia magnificaAmorim & Rindal, 2007, Holotype male, slide. 

Amorim & Rindal, 2007: 14 (original description), figs. 7 (head), 8 (thorax), 9 (apex of anterior tibia), 10 (wing), 11-15 (male terminalia). Ref. - Amorim & Falaschi, 2012: 3 (catalogue).

Type locality: Ecuador, Quito-Baeza, E. Papallacta. Distr. - Neotropical: Ecuador (Quito-Baeza). Holotype ♂, MZUSP.

Holotypewith labels: (1) printed on white paper: “Equador, Quito-Baeza | E. Papallacta | 2.900 m / 12-15-ii-1971 | L.G. Peña [Luís Cláudio Peña] col. ♂”; (2) printed with handwritten inscriptions on red paper: “Eratomyia | magnifica | Amorim & Rindal | HOLOTYPE”; (3) printed on white paper: “MZ004529”.

Condition of holotype: On slide. Missing parts: None.

Eratomyia risaraldaAmorim & Falaschi, 2010

Amorim & Falaschi, 2010: 56 (original description), figs. 1 (wing), 2-3 (male terminalia), 4 (female terminalia). Ref. - Amorim & Falaschi, 2012: 3 (catalogue); Falaschi & Amorim, 2016: 48 (catalogue).

Type locality: Colombia, Risaralda SFF, Otún Quimbaya, El Molinillo. Distr. - Neotropical: Colombia (Risaralda). Holotype ♂, IAvH.

Paratypewith labels: (1) printed on white paper: “MZ004530”; (2) printed on white paper: “Eratomyia risaralda | Amorim & Falaschi 2010”; (3) printed on white paper: “Colombia, Risaralda SFF | Otún Quimbaya El Molinillo | 04°43′N, 75°34′W 2220 m | Malaise 17.ii-04.iii.2003 | G.López Leg. M.3696 ♀”; (4) printed on yellow paper: “Paratype”.

Condition of paratype: On slide. Missing parts: Antennae and three undetermined legs.

Subfamily Ohakuneinae Amorim & Rindal, 2007

Genus Colonomyia Colless, 1963

Colonomyia brasilianaAmorim & Rindal 2007 (Fig. 2)

Figure 2 Colonomyia brasilianaAmorim & Rindal, 2007, Holotype male, slide. 

Amorim & Rindal, 2007: 15 (original description), figs. 20 (thorax), 21 (male terminalia). Ref. - Amorim & Falaschi, 2012: 4 (catalogue).

Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Salesópolis, Boracéia. Distr. - Neotropical: Brazil (São Paulo). Holotype ♂, MZUSP.

Holotypewith labels (Fig. 2): (1) printed on white paper: “BR-S.P.: Salesópolis | (Boracea) | 14-VIII-1947 | E.Rabello & Trav.F. [Lauro Pereira Travassos Filho]”; (2) printed on white paper: “MZ004519”; (3) printed with handwritten inscriptions on red paper: “Colonomyia | brasiliana | Amorim & Rindal | Holotype”.

Condition of holotype: On slide. Missing parts: Undetermined wing.

Paratypewith labels: (1) handwritten on white paper: “VIII-47 | S. Paulo | Boracea [Boracéia] | J. Lane. col”; (2) printed with handwritten inscriptions on yellow paper: “Paratype | Colonomyia | brasiliana | D.S.Amorim det. | 2007”; (3) printed on white paper: “MZ004520”.

Condition of paratype: Pinned, terminalia on slide pinned with the specimen. Missing parts: Both antennae, left wing, abdomen and fore and hind legs.

2 Paratypeswith labels: (1) handwritten on white paper: “VII-49 | S. Paulo | Boracea [Boracéia] | Lane & Coher”; (2) printed with handwritten inscriptions on yellow paper: “Paratype | Colonomyia | brasiliana | D.S.Amorim det. | 2007”; (3) printed on white paper: “MZ004521”.

Condition of paratypes: Both pinned, terminalia on slide pinned with the specimens. Missing parts: Right antennae, undetermined wing, abdomen and all legs broken at one specimen; the second one: abdomen broken.

Paratypewith the same labels above, except: (1) handwritten on white paper: “VII-49 | S.Paulo | Boracea [Boracéia] | Lane, Coher”.

Condition of paratype: Pinned, left wing on slide pinned with the specimen. One entire and the other with right wing on slide pinned. Missing parts: Both antennae, right wing, abdomen and terminalia.

Colonomyia freemaniAmorim & Rindal, 2007 (Fig. 3)

Figure 3 Colonomyia freemaniAmorim & Rindal, 2007, Holotype male, slide. 

Amorim & Rindal, 2007: 16 (original description), figs. 22 (head), 23-24 (wing), 25 (thorax), 26 (male terminalia), 27 (female terminalia). Ref. - Amorim & Falaschi, 2012: 21 (catalogue).

Type locality: Chile, Dalcahue, I. Chiloé. Distr. - Neotropical: Chile (Dalcahue). Holotype ♂, MZUSP.

Holotypewith labels (Fig. 3): (1) printed on white paper: “Dalcahue, I. Chiloé | Chile | IV.-1968 | L.E. Peña [Luís Cláudio Peña] col.”; (2) printed on white paper: “MZ004522”; (3) printed with handwritten inscriptions on red paper: “Colonomyia | freemani | Amorim & Rindal | Holotype”.

Condition of holotype: On slide, right antenna broken. Missing parts: None.

Paratypewith labels: (1) printed on white paper: “Dalcahue, I. Chiloé | Chile | IV-1968 | L.E. Peña [Luís Cláudio Peña] col.”; (2) printed on white paper: “MZ004523”; (3) printed with handwritten inscriptions on yellow paper: “Paratype | Colonomyia | freemani | D.S.Amorim det. | 2007”.

Condition of paratype: On slide. Missing parts: None.

3 Paratypeswith the same labels above, except: (2) printed on white paper: “♀”; (4) printed with handwritten inscriptions on yellow paper: “MZ004523”.

Condition of paratypes: All pinned. Missing parts: None.

8 Paratypeswith the same labels above, except: (2) printed on white paper: “♂”.

Condition of paratypes: All pinned. Missing parts: None.

4 Paratypesand 1 Paratypewith the same labels above, except: (1) printed on white paper: “Dalcahue, I. Chiloé | Chile | I-1962 | L.E. Peña [Luís Cláudio Peña] col.”.

Condition of paratypes: All pinned, one very damaged. Missing parts: damaged exemplar without antennae, right wing, abdomen, left legs and fore and mid right legs.

Paratypewith the same labels above, except: (1) printed on white paper: “Dalcahue, I. Chiloé | Chile | II-1967 | L.E. Peña [Luís Cláudio Peña] col.”.

Condition of paratype: Pinned. Missing parts: None.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We are thankful to Camila Conti and Paula Rodrigues (Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil) for help with information on some type specimens of Rangomaramidae, and three anonymous referees for their careful reading of the manuscript and helpful suggestions. Along the preparation of this paper, RLF benefited from FAPESP grant (2013/16524-9) and by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brasil (CAPES - Finance Code 001), EMA by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brasil (CAPES - Finance Code 001) and CJEL from CNPq (304512/2016-8).

REFERENCES

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Amorim, D.S. & Falaschi, R.L. 2012. Catalogue of Neotropical Diptera. Rangomaramidae. Neotropical Diptera, 21: 1-7. [ Links ]

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Falaschi, R.L.; Oliveira, S.S. & Lamas, C.J.E. 2016. Catalogue of Anisopodidae (Diptera: Bibionomorpha) types housed in the collection of the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 60: 24-29. [ Links ]

International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). 1999. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 4.ed. London, The International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, The Natural History Museum. xxx + 306p. [ Links ]

Jaschhof, M. & Didham, R.K. 2002. Rangomaramidae fam. nov., from New Zealand and implications for the phylogeny of the Sciaroidea (Diptera: Bibionomorpha). Studia dipterologica, Supplement, 11: 1-60. [ Links ]

Mello, R.L. & Lamas, C.J.E. 2011. A catalogue of types of Conopoidea, Diopsoidea, Nerioidea and Tephritoidea (Diptera, Schizophora) in the collection of the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 55(2): 187-205. [ Links ]

Yamaguchi, C. & Lamas, C.J.E. 2009. A Catalogue of the types of Asiloidea (Diptera) in the collection of the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil (Part 1: Bombyliidae and Mydidae). Zootaxa, 2146: 35-52. [ Links ]

1Edited by: Marcelo Duarte

Published with the financial support of the "Programa de Apoio às Publicações Científicas Periódicas da USP"

Received: September 02, 2019; Accepted: January 13, 2020; Published: March 19, 2020

4E-mail: rlfalaschi@gmail.com (corresponding author)

5E-mail: ednmaral@gmail.com

Creative Commons License This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License