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Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP

Print version ISSN 0080-6234On-line version ISSN 1980-220X

Rev. esc. enferm. USP vol.23 no.3 São Paulo Dec. 1989

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0080-6234198902300300173 

ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS

PRESSÃO ARTERIAL EM FUNÇÃO DO SEXO, IDADE E LARGURA DO MANGUITO

Arterial blood pressure as a function of sex, age and cuff width

Edna Apparecida Moura Arcuri* 

Jair Lício Ferreira dos Santos** 

Mauricio Rocha e Silva*** 

* Professor Assistente Doutor do Departamento de Enfermagem Médico-Cirúrgica - EEUSP.

** Professor Assistente Doutor da Faculdade de Saúde Pública - USP.

*** Professor Titular da Faculdade de Medicina da USP.


RESUMO

Neste estudo medidas indiretas da pressão arterial foram comparadas, usando-se manguito de largura correta versus o de largura padrão, em 1000 pessoas. O manguito de largura correta, apropriada à circunferência do braço, foi escolhido segundo as recomendações da American Heart Association. Os resultados evidenciaram inadequação do manguito padrão na população estudada, tomando-se excessivamente largo na maioria dos braços; resultando em importante hipoestimação dos valores de pressão arterial, sobretudo nos adultos jovens, sexo feminino, e magros. Tais achados levantam a hipótese de que o uso do manguito padrão possa prejudicar o diagnóstico precoce da hipertensão arterial.

Palavras-Chave: Hipertensão; Medida da pressão arterial

ABSTRACT

In this study indirect arterial preassure measurements were compared using correct cuff width versus standard one, in 1000 people. The choice of the correct cuff width followed the American Heart Association recommendation. The results showed inappropriation of the standard cuff in the studied population, which is too much large in the majority of the arms, resulting in important hipoestimation of the arterial preassure values, particularly in the young adults, females and leans. Such findings raise the hypotesis that the use of standard cuff can mask the early diagnosis of hypertension in people with thin arms.

Key words: Hypertension; Blood pressure, measurement

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Recebido: 22 de Julho de 1988

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