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Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.2 no.7 Curitiba  1984 

Cercomacra and related antbirds (Aves, Formicariidae) as army ant followers



Edwin O. Willis

Department of Biology, University of Miami. Coral Gables, Florida 33124, U.S.A., and Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" - UNESP, Caixa Postal 178, 13500 Rio Claro, S. Paulo




Cercomacra and Schistocichla antbirds (Formicariidae) favor dense foliage and seldom follow army ants for flushed prey, since the ants move through open forest understory as well as through dense zones. Two other lineages, the Drymophila-Hypocnemis lineage (of dense woodland understory) and the Formicivora lineage (of dense bushes in dry or semiopen zones), also cannot follow ants regularly through open forest understory.



Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.




Studies were supported by grants from the National Science Foundation (especially GB-32921), the Chapman Memorial Fund of the American Museum of Natural History, and the National Geographic Society. I appreciate also the help of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama, the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, and the Agronomic Institute and Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi at Belém. Douglas Wechsler helped with observations at Manaus, and Yoshika Oniki helped in many ways.



Oniki, Y., 1972. Studies of the guild of ant-following birds at Belém, Brazil. Acta Amazonica 2: 59-79.         [ Links ]

Oniki, Y. & E. O. Willis, 1972. Studies of ant-following birds north of the eastern Amazon. Ibidem 2: 127-151.

Wiley, R. H., 1971. Cooperative relationships in mixed flocks of antwrens (Formicariidae). Auk 88: 881-892.         [ Links ]

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