SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.13 issue1Mielkeanthidium, gen.m. of sulamerican Dianthidiini (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae)Association between Ophionereis reticulata (Say) (Ophiuroidea, Ophionereididae) and Malmgreniella variegata (Treadwell) (Polychaeta, Polynoidae) from Salvador beaches, Bahia, Brazil author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.13 no.1 Curitiba  1996 

Field diet of the grasshopper Abracris dilecta Walker (Orthoptera, Acrididae)



Carlos Frankl Sperber

Departamento de Biologia Geral, Setor de Ecologia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa. 36570-000 Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brasil




Abracris dilecta Walker, 1870 (Orthoptera, Acrididae, Ommatolampinae) ate leafs of at least 14 plant species, in the families Asteraceae, Lamiaceae, Malvales (Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae or Malvaceae), Poaceae, Fabaceae, Verbenaceae, Aristolochiaceae, Rubiaceae and Melastomataccae. Elephantopus mollis H.B.K. (Asteraceae) and Hyptis suaveolens Poit. (Lamiaceae) comprised 50% of the diet. The diet breadth of A. dilecta was compared to that of other 11 grasshopper species of the same sub-family, with rarefaction curves. The number of plant species eaten by A. dilecta was greater than that of nine other grasshopper species of the same sub-family (Rhachicreagra spp.) but was lower then two others (Microptylopteryx hebardi Rehn, 1905 and Rhachicreagra astytophallus Jago & Rowell, 1981). This results are discussed in view of the broad geographical range and possession of developed wings by A. dilecta, which contrasts with most Ommatolampinae grasshoppers.

Key words: herbivory, diet breadth, tropical dry forest edge. Neotropical region, Brazil



Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. To T. M. Lewinsohn, A. Mesa, F. S. Andrade and M. E. M. Habib, for the suggestions and encouragement. C. S. Carbonell and H. F. Leitão Filho helped with the identifications. Instituto de Biologia, Letras e Ciências Exatas, UNESP, for laboratory and computational facilities. This work was done as part of a M.Sc. dissertation, Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Financial support was provided by the CNPq and FMB.



Amédégnato, C. & M. Descamps. 1980. Évolution des populations d'orthoptères d'amazonie du nord-ouest dans les cultures traditionnelles et les formations secondaires d'origine anthropique. Acrida 9 (1):1-33.         [ Links ]

Bacchi, O.; H.F. Leitão Filho & C. Aranha. 1984. Plantas invasoras de culturas. Campinas, Instituto Campineiro de Ensino Agrícola, X+906p.         [ Links ]

Ben Halima, T., Y. Gillon & A. Louveaux. 1985. Spécialisation trophique individuelle dans une population de Dosiostaurus maroccanus (Orthopt.: Acrididae). Acta Oecol. (Oecol. General.) 6 (1):17-24.         [ Links ]

Bernays, E.A. & R.F. Chapman. 1978. Plant chemistry and acridoid feeding behaviour, p. 99-141. In: J.B. Harborne (Ed.). Biochemical aspects of plant and animal coevolution. London, Academic Press, VIII+435p.         [ Links ]

Bernays, E.A. & M. Graham. 1988. On the evolution of host specificity in phytophagous arthropods. Ecology 69 (4):886-892.         [ Links ]

Braker, E. 1991. Natural history of a neotropical gap-inhabiting grasshopper. Biotropica 23 (1):41-50.         [ Links ]

Chapman, R.F. 1990. Food selection, p. 39-72. In: R.F. Chapman & A. Joern (Eds). Biology of grasshoppers. New York, John Wiley & Sons, XII+563p.         [ Links ]

Gangwere, S.K. & R.A. Ronderos. 1975. A synopsis of food selection in Argentine Acridoidea. Acrida 4 (4):173-194.         [ Links ]

Jago, N.D. & C.H.F. Rowell. 1981. Rhachicreagra (Acrididae, Ommatolampinae): forest grasshoppers from Central America with unique aedeagal asymmetry. Syst. Entomol. 6 (2):179-219.         [ Links ]

Jakupovic, J.; Y. JIA; C. Zdero; V. Warning; F. Bohlman & S.B. Jones. 1987. Germacranolides from Elephantopus species. Phytochemistry, Oxford, 26 (5):1467-1469.         [ Links ]

Krebs, C.J. 1989. Ecological Methodology. New York, Harper & Row, Publishers, XII+654p.         [ Links ]

Lorenzi, H. 1991. Plantas daninhas do Brasil: terrestres, aquáticas, parasitas, tóxicas e medicinais. Nova Odessa, Editora Plantarum, 2nd ed., VIII+440p.         [ Links ]

Marquis, R. & H.E. Braker. 1987. Influence of method of presentation on results of plant-host preference tests with two species of grasshopper. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 40 (1):59-63.         [ Links ]

Pereda-Miranda, R.; P. Ibarra; L. Hernandez & M. Novelo. 1990. Bioactive constituents from Hyptis species. Planta Med. 56 (6):560-561.         [ Links ]

Queiroz, R.B.; W.H. Stubblebine & G. Shepherd. 1990. Variação na composição de terpenos dentro e entre populações de Hyplis suaveolens (L.) Poit. (Lamiaceae) na região de Campinas-SP. Rev. Bras. Bot. 13 (2):75-81.         [ Links ]

Rao, K.V.R.; L.J.M. Rao & N.S.P. Rao. 1990. An a-ring contracted triterpenoid from Hyptis suaveolens. Phytochemistry, Oxford, 29 (4):1326-1329.         [ Links ]

Raubenmeier, D. & E.A. Bernays. 1993. Patterns of feeding in the polyphagous grasshopper Taeniopoda eques: a field study. Anim. Behav. 45 (1):153-167.         [ Links ]

Roberts, H.R. & C.S. Carbonell. 1981. A revision of the neotropical genus Abracris and related genera (Orthoptera, Acrididae, Ommatolampinae). Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 133:1-14.         [ Links ]

Rowell, C.H.F. 1978. Food plant specificity in neotropical rain-forest acridids. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 24 (3):451-462.         [ Links ]

______. 1983a. A revision of the Central American genus Leptomerinthoprora Rehn (Ommatolampinae, Acrididae: Orthoptera). Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 109 (2):179-200.         [ Links ]

______. 1983b. Osmilia flavolineata (Chapulín de raya amarilla, Yellow-lined grasshopper), p. 750-751. In: D.H. Janzen (Ed.). Costa Rican Natural History. Chicago, The Chicago University Press, Xl+816p.         [ Links ]

______. 1985. The feeding biology of a species-rich genus of rainforest grasshoppers (Rhachicreagra: Orthoptera, Acrididae). I. Foodplant use and foodplant acceptance. Oecologia, Heidelberg, 68 (1):87-98.         [ Links ]

______. 1987. The biogeography of Costa Rican acridid grasshoppers, in relation to their putative phylogenetic origins and ecology, p. 470-482. In: B.M. Baccetti (Ed.). Evolutionary biology of orthopteroid insects. Chichester, Ellis Horwood, 612p.         [ Links ]

Sharma, O.P.; R.K. Dawra & D. Ramesh. 1990. A triterpenoid acid, lantadene D from Lantana camara var. aculeata. Phytochemistry, Oxford, 29 (12):3961-3962.         [ Links ]

Zdero, C; F. Bohlmann; J.C. Solomon; R.M. King & H. Robinson. 1989. Entclerodanes and other constituents from bolivian Baccharis species. Phytochemistry, Oxford, 28 (2):531-542.         [ Links ]



Recebido em 25.II.1995; aceito em 02.VIII.1996.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License