SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.18 issue2Study of the scapulocoracoid and cervico-thoracic synarcual cartilage of Rhinoptera brasiliensis Müller & Henle and Rhinoptera bonasus (Mitchill) (Elasmobranchii, Rhinopteridae)Morphology of the immature stages and of the adult of Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer) (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae) author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.18 no.2 Curitiba June 2001

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752001000200003 

Aspectos da reprodução e dinâmica populacional de Chione pubera (Bory Saint-Vicent) (Bivalvia, Veneridae) no sul do Brasil

 

General features of the reproduction and population dynamics of Chione pubera (Bory Saint-Vicent) (Bivalvia, Veneridae) in South Brazil

 

 

Carlos Alberto BorzoneI; Kelly Midori VargasI; Paulo Ricardo PezzutoII; Yara Aparecida Garcia TavaresI

ICentro de Estudos do Mar, Universidade Federal do Paraná. Avenida Beira Mar, Pontal do do Sul, 83255-000 Pontal do Paraná, Paraná, Brasil
IICentro de Ciências Tecnológicas, da Terra e do Mar, Universidade do Vale do Itajaí. Caixa Postal 360, 88302-202 Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brasil

 

 


ABSTRACT

Material collected with a 2-meter wide beam trawl during eight surveys conducted from December 1995 to February 1997 was used for a first preliminary description of the reproduction and population dynamics of the edible venerid bivalve Chione pubera (Bory Saint-Vicent, 1827). Greatest catches were found between 30 to 35 meters depth, on fine sandy bottoms with a mud content lower than 10%. Dry weight meat condition index showed highest values during autumn and lowest values from winter to summer months. Histological analysis of gonadal tissue showed a continuous reproduction, with peaks of maturation on autumn and spring, Spawning was related with the increase of water temperature, that occurs twice a year in the region as a consequence of a particular hydrological characteristic of the inner continental shelf. Size frequency distribution showed a unique principal mode with slow if any displacement through time, indicating a long lived species.

Key words: Chione pubera, reproduction, venerid, south Brazil


 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

AGRADECIMENTOS. Este trabalho recebeu apoio através de Bolsa de Demanda Social CAPES (PRP) e Bolsas de Pesquisa (CAB) e Iniciação Científica PIBIC (KMV) do CNPq.

 

REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS

ANSELL, A.D. 1961. The development of the primary gonad in Venus striatula (Da Costa). Proc. Mal. Soc. London 34(5):243-247.         [ Links ]

______. 1963. The biology of Venus mercenaria in British waters and in relation to generating station effluents. Rep. Challenger Soc.3(15):1-10.         [ Links ]

______. 1964. Some parameters of growth mature Venus mercenaria L. Jour. Conseil Int. L'Explor. Mer. 29(2):211-215.         [ Links ]

ANSELL, A.D. & F.A. LOOSMORE.1963. Preliminary observations on the relationship between growth, spawning and condition in experimental colonies of Venus mercenaria L. Jour. Conseil Int. L'Explor. Mer. 28(2):285-294.         [ Links ]

ANSELL, A.D.; K.F. LANDER; M. COUGHLAN & F.A. LOOSMORE. 1964a. Studies on the hard-shell clam, Venus mercenaria, in British waters. I. Growth and reproduction in natural and experimental colonies. Jour. Appl. Ecol. 1:63-82.         [ Links ]

ANSELL, A.D.; F.A. LOOSMORE & K.F. LANDER. 1964b. Studies on the hard-shell calm, Venus mercenaria, in Brithish waters. II. Seasonal cycle in condition and biochemical composition. Jour. Appl. Ecol. 1:83-95.         [ Links ]

ARNERI,E.; G. GIANNETTI & B. ANTOLINI. 1998. Age determination and growth of Venus verrucosa L. (Bivalvia: Veneridae) in the southern Adriatic and the Aegean Sea. Fish. Res. 38:193-198.         [ Links ]

BAKEIRO-CARDENAS, E. & JA. MASSO-ROJAS. 1988. Variaciones poblacionales y reproducción de dos poblaciones de Chione undatella (Sowerby, 1835) bajo differentes regimenes de pesca en la Bahia de la Paz, B.C.S., Mexico. Cienc. Pesq. 6:51-67.         [ Links ]

BERTHOU, P. & J.Y. LE-GALL. 1980. Selectivite de la drague a praires (Venus verrucosa, Mollusque, Veneridae) en Manche Occidentale. ICES, Copenhagen-Denmark, CM1980/B 11:17.         [ Links ]

BERTHOU, P.; J.Y. LE-GALL; F. DJABALI & M. YAHIAOUJ. 1980. The clam Venus verrucosa (Mollusca, Veneridae) in the western English Channel and Normandy: Biology and fisheries. I Growth. ICES, Copenhagen-Denmark, CM1980/K 4:36p.         [ Links ]

BORZONE, C.A. 1992. El ciclo gonadal de Venus antiqua King & Broderip, 1835 (Bivalvia, Veneridae) en el golfo San José. Physis, Seco A, 47(113):61-72.         [ Links ]

BORZONE, C.A. & P.R. PEZZUTO. 1997. Relatório técnico dos cruzeiros do Projeto Vieira. Cruzeiro I (4 a 9 de dezembro de 1995). Notas téc. FACIMAR 1:67-79.         [ Links ]

BORZONE, C.A.; P.R. PEZZUTO & E. MARONE. 1999. Oceanographic characteristics of a multi-specific fishing ground of the Central South Brazil Bight. Mar. Ecol. (P.S.Z.N.I) 20(2):131-146.         [ Links ]

CAMPOS, E.J.D.; Y. IKEDA; B.M. CASTRO FILHO; S.A. GAETA; J.A. LORENZZETTI & M.R. STE. 1996. Experiment studies circulation in the Western South Atlantic. Trans. Amer. geophys. Uno 77(27):253-259.         [ Links ]

CARRIKER, M.R. 1959. The role of physical and biological factors in the culture of Crassostrea and Mercenaria in a salt-water pond. Ecol. Monogr. 29:219-266.         [ Links ]

______. 1961. lnterrelation of functional morphology, behavior and autoecology in early stages of the bivalve Mercenaria mercenaria. Jour. Elisha Mitchell scient. Soc. 77(2):168-242.         [ Links ]

CARRIQUIRIBORDE, L.; A. FARIAS; A. GASTELU & O. PEREZ. 1981. Experimental transplant of Tivela stultorum Mawe in Baja California, Mexico. Cienc. Mar. 7(1):49-66.         [ Links ]

CASTRO FILHO, B.M. 1990. Estado atual do conhecimento dos processos fisicos das águas da plataforma continental sudeste do Brasil. In: ACIESP (Ed.), II Simposio de Ecossistemas da Costa Sul e Sudeste Brasileira, Lindóia, São Paulo, 4:1-19.         [ Links ]

CASTRO ORTIZ, J.L. & F. GARCIA DOMINGUEZ. 1993. Crecimiento de Chione californiensis (Broderip, 1835) (Veneridae) en la Ensenada de La Paz, Baja Califórnia Sur, México. Invest. Mar. CICIMAR 8(2):45-52.         [ Links ]

DEL-PIERO, D. 1994. The clam fishery in the Gulf of Trieste. In: P.G. WELLS & P.J. RICKETTS (Eds). Proc. Coastal zone Canada'94, Cooperation in the coastal zone 4:1645-1660.         [ Links ]

GARCIA-DOMiNGUEZ, F.; G. GARCÍA-MELGAR & P. GONZALEZ-RAMIREZ. 1993. Ciclo reproductivo de la almeja ronosa, Chione californiensis (Broderip, 1835) en Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Cienc. Mar. 19(1):15-28.         [ Links ]

GARCÍA-DOMINGUEZ, F.G.; S.A. GARCÍA-GASCA & J.L. CASTRO-ORTIZ. 1994. Spawning cycle of the red clam Megapitaria aurantiaca (Sowerby, 1831) (Veneridade) at Isla Espiritu Santo, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Jour. Shellfish Res. 13(2):417-423.         [ Links ]

GONÇALVES, E.M. & P.C. LANA. 1991. Padrões de distribuição de bivalvia e gastropoda naplataforma continental da costa sudeste do Brasil (24ºS-27ºS). Nerítica, Pontal do Paraná, 6(1-2):73-92.         [ Links ]

JOLLEY, J.W. 1972. Exploratory fishing for the sunray venus clam, Macrocallista limbosa, in northwest Florida. Fla. Bd. Conserv, Ma. Res. Lab., Tech. Ser. 67:42.         [ Links ]

KEMISH, M.J. 1980. Shell microgrowth analysis. Mercenaria mercenaria as a type example for research in population dynamics, p. 255-292. In: D.C. RHOADS & R.A. LUTZ (Eds) Skeletal growth of aquatic organisms. New York, Plenum Press, 750p.         [ Links ]

LOOSANOFF, V.L. 1937. Seasonal gonadal changes of adult clams, Venus mercenaria (L.). Biol. Bull., Woods Hole, 72:406-436.         [ Links ]

LOZADA, E. & H. BUSTOS. 1984. Madurez sexual y fecundidad de Venus antiqua King & Broderip, 1835, en la Bahia de Ancud (Mollusca-Bivalvia Veneridae). Rev. Biol. Mar., Valparaiso, 20(2):91-112.         [ Links ]

LUTZ, R.A. & D.C. RHOADS. 1980. Growth patterns within thw molluscan shell: an overview, p. 203-248. In: D.C. RHOADS & R.A. LUTZ (Eds). Skeletal growth of aquatic organisms. New York, Plenum Press, 750p.         [ Links ]

LYNCH, J.Z. & R.P. MONARDEZ. 1983. Estructura y crecimiento de una poblacion de Protothaca thaca (Molina, 1782). Estud. Oceanol. 3(1):75-82.         [ Links ]

MANZI, J.J.; M.Y. BOBO & V.G. BURRELI.. 1985. Gametogenesis in a population of the hard clam Mercenaria mercenaria (L) in North Santee Bay, South Carolina. The Veliger, 28(2):186-194.         [ Links ]

MARTINEZ-CÓRDOVA, L.R. 1988. Bioecologia de la almeja negra Chione fluctifraga (Sowerby, 1853). Rev. Biol. Trop, 36(2A):213-219.         [ Links ]

MATSUURA, Y. 1986. Contribuição ao estudo da estrutura oceanográfica da região sudeste entre Cabo Frio (RJ) e o Cabo de Santa Marta Grande (RG). Ciência e Cultura, São Paulo, 38(8):1439-1450.         [ Links ]

NARCHI, W. 1972. Comparative study of the functional morphology of Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin, 1791) and Tivela mactroides (Born, 1778) (Bivalvia, Veneridae). Bull. mar. Sci., 22(3):643-670.         [ Links ]

OSORIO, C.; D. FRASSINETTI & E. BUSTOS. 1983. Taxonomia y morfometria de Venus antiqua King & Broderip (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Veneridae). Tethys 11(1):49-56.         [ Links ]

OSORIO, R.C.; P.V. BUSTOS & R.E. BUSTOS. 1987. Contenido gastrico de la almeja (Venus antiqua antiqua King & Broderip, 1835) in Ancud, Chile (Mollusca: Veneridae). Invest. Pesq., Santiago, 34:139-147.         [ Links ]

PEZZUTO, P.R. & A.M. ECHTERNACHT. 1999. Avaliação de impactos da construção da Via Expressa SC-Sul sobre o berbigão Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin, 1791) (Mollusca: Pelecypoda) na Reserva Extrativista Marinha do Pirajubaé (Florianópolis, SC -Brasil). Atlântica, Rio Grande, 21:105-119.         [ Links ]

PEZZUTO, P.R. & C.A. BORZONE. 1997a. Relatório técnico dos cruzeiros do Projeto Vieira. Cruzeiro II (15 a 17 de março de 1996) e III (20 a 22 de abril de 1996). Notas Téc. FACIMAR 1:67-79.         [ Links ]

______. 1997b. The scallop Pecten ziczac (L., 1758) fishery in Brazil. Jour. Shellfish Res. 16(2):527-532.         [ Links ]

PEZZUTO, P.R.; C.A. BORZONE; R.L.B.E. ABRAHÃO; F. BRANDINI & E.C. MACHADO. 1998. Relatório técnico dos cruzeiros do projeto vieira. III. Cruzeiros IV (maio de 1996) a XIV (maio de 1997). Notas Téc. FACIMAR, Itajaí, 2:109-129.         [ Links ]

PIZARRO, J.F. & R.A. CRUZ. 1987. Ciclo reproductivo de la almeja Protothaca grata (Pelecypoda: Veneridae). Brenesia, San José, 27:23-34.         [ Links ]

PORTER, H.J. 1964. Seasonal gonadal changes of adult clams Mercenaria mercenaria. Proc. Nat. Shellfish Ass, 55:35-53.         [ Links ]

QUAYLE, P.B. 1943. Sex, gonad development and seasonal gonad changes in Paphia staminea (Conrad). Jour. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 6(2):140-151.         [ Links ]

RIOS, E. 1994. Seashells of Brazil. Rio Grande, Fund. Univ. Fed. Rio Grande, 2ª ed.,492p.         [ Links ]

SNEDECOR, G.W. & W.G. COCHRAN. 1967. Statistical methods. Iowa Iowa State Univ. Press, 703p.         [ Links ]

 

 

Recebido em 16.III.2000; aceito em 24.IV.2001.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License