SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.18 issue3Attractor potential of osteichthyes in artificial reef on the northern coast of Rio de Janeiro State, BrazilMethodology of experimental infection and the susceptibility degree of the tambacu hybrid and Leporinus mucrocephalus Garavello & Britski to four inocula of trophonts of Ichtyophthirius multifiliis Fouquet author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.18 no.3 Curitiba Sept. 2001 

Hábito alimentar e osteologia da boca do peixe-rei, Odontesthes humensis de Buen (Atheriniformes, Atherinopsidae) na Lagoa Mirim, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil


Feeding habits and mouth osteology of silverside, Odontesthes humensis de Buen (Atheriniformes, Atherinopsidae) in the Mirim Lagoon, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil



Fábio Lameiro Rodrigues; Marlise de Azevedo Bemvenuti

Laboratório de Ictiologia, Departamento de Oceanografia, Fundação Universidade Federal do Rio Grande. Caixa Postal 474, Rio Grande, 96201-900 Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. E-mail:;




Gut contents of 304 individuals of the silverside Odontesthes humensis de Buen, 1953 were analyzed using frequency of occurrence (FO%) and gravimetric (P%) methods. A total of 207 individuals (68.1%) had some food itens in the gut, while 97 individuals (31.9%) had empty guts. The silverside Odontesthes humensis has presented a benthic carnivorous diet, preying mainly on molluscs and arthropods. The molluscs Heleobia sp. (FO = 61.35%) and Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774) (FO = 57.97%) were the most frequent itens, followed by Neocorbicula limosa (Maton, 1811) (FO = 17.39%). Among the arthropods, the coleoptera insects (FO= 18.84%) were dominant followed by, insect larvae (FO = 6.76%), the crustacean Palaemonetes argentinus Nobili, 1901 (FO = 1.93%) and isopods (FO = 1.45%). Vegetal remains, organic matter and digested fish were grouped due to low frequency (FO = 9.13%) being considered occasional. Juvenile fed mainly on insect larvae and moluscs, while the adults preferred molluscs and coleoptera. On the description of its feeding apparatus the importance of a protrusible upper jaw was observed, being important on the capture of prey in inaccessible places. A protrusible mouth and the format of the pharingean plates, are important morphological characters that assist on the capture and handling of prey. The molariform shaped pharingean teeth help break hard food items, as shells and carapaces.

Key words: Atherinopsielae, Odontesthes, osteology, feeding habits



Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.



AGRADECIMENTOS. Os autores desejam expressar seus agradecimentos a todos que de alguma forma ajudaram no desenvolvimento deste trabalho. Em especial ao Sr. Valdecir Peres, pelo auxilio nas coletas dos peixes adultos, ao técnico Nilton Araújo de Abreu, do Laboratório de Ecologia Bentônica (FURG), pelo auxílio nas coletas dos peixes juvenis (permissão IBAMA 059/97, para MAB) e ao oceanólogo MSc André Gonçalves pelas incansáveis discussões, críticas e sugestões ao texto. Este trabalho faz parte da monografia de conclusão do Curso de Oceanologia da FURG do primeiro autor, o qual agradece ao CNPq a Bolsa de Iniciação Cientítica recebida ao longo do projeto.



ALEXANDER, R.M.M. 1967. Mechanisms of the jaws of some atheriniform fish. Jou. Zool. Lond. 151:233-255.         [ Links ]

BEMVENUTI, M.A. 1990. Hábitos alimentares de peixes-rei (Atherinidae) na região estuarina da Lagoa dos Patos, Brasil. Atlântica, Rio Grande, 12(1): 79-102.         [ Links ]

______. 1997. Relações morfológicas e osteológicas entre Odontesthes perugiae e O. mirinensis (Teleostei: Atherinidae, Atherinopsidae). Atlântica, Rio Grande, 19:113-131.         [ Links ]

CAILLIET, G.M.; LOVE, M.S. & A.W. EBELING. 1986. A field and laboratory manual on their structure, identification and natural history. Fishes. California, Wadsworth Publ, Co., 194p.         [ Links ]

CHAO, L.N. & J.A. MUSICK. 1977. Life history, feeding habits and functional morphology of juvenile scianid fishes in the York River Estuary, Virginia. U.S. Fish. Bull. 75(4):657-702.         [ Links ]

DELANEY, P.J.V. 1965. Fisiografia e geologia da superfície da Planície Costeira do Rio Grande do Sul. Porto Alegre, Univ. Federal Rio Grande do Sul, Vol. 6, 195p.         [ Links ]

DE BUEN, F. 1953. Los pejerreyes (familia Atherinidae) en la fauna uruguaya, com descripción de nuevas especies. Bol. Inst. Oceanogr. São Paulo, 4(1-2):3-80.         [ Links ]

DYER, B.S. & B. CHERNOFF. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships among atheriniform fishes (Teleostei: Atherinomorpha). Zool. Jour. Linn. Soc. 117:1-69.         [ Links ]

EGGOLD, B.T. & PJ. MOTTA. 1992. Ontogenetic dietary shifts and morphologycal correlaies in striped mullet, Mugil cephalus. Environ. Biol. Fish. 34:139-158.         [ Links ]

GONÇALVES, A.A. 1999. Descrição trófica dos primeiros estágios de vida de Micropogonias furnieri (Scianidae) no estuário da Lagoa dos Patos, RS, Brasil. Atlântica, Rio Grande, 21:93-103.         [ Links ]

HYNDES, G.A. & I.C. POTTER. 1997. Age, growth and reproduction of Sillago schomburgkii in nearshore waters and comparisons of life history strategies of a suite of Sillago species. Environ. Biol. Fish. 49(4):435-447.         [ Links ]

HYNES, H.H.N. 1950. The food of frehwater stickle-backs (Gasterosteus aculeatus and Pygosteus pungitius), with a review of methods used in studies of the food of fishes. Jour. Anim. Ecol. 19:35-58.         [ Links ]

HYSLOP, E.J. 1980. Stomach contents analysis - a review of methods and their application. Jour. Fish Biol. 17:411-429.         [ Links ]

MOTTA, P.J.; S.F. NORTON & J.J. LUCZKOVICK. 1995. Perspectives on ecomorphology of bony fishes. Environ. Biol. Fish., 44:11-20.         [ Links ]

POTTHOFF, T. 1984. Clearing and staining techniques, p. 35-37. In: H.G. MOSER; W.J. RICHARDS; D.M. COHEN; M.P. FAHAV; A.W. KENDALL JR. & S.L. RICHARDSON (Eds). Ontogeny and systematics of fishes. California, Amer. Soc. lchthyol. Herpetol., Spec. Public. 1, 760p.         [ Links ]

PRODOHL, P.A. & J.A. LEVY. 1989. Genetic study of Atherinidae fishes of Mangueira Lagoon (RS-Brazil). Comp. Bioehem. Physiol. 94B(3):423-426.         [ Links ]

RINGUELET, R.A. 1942. Ecologia alimentícia de pejerrey Odontesthes bonariensis com notas limnologicas sobre la Laguna Chascomús. Rev. Mus. La Plata 2(17):427-461.         [ Links ]

RINGUELET, R.A; R. IRIART & A.H. ESCALANTE. 1980. Alimentacion del pejerrey (Baslichthys bonariensis bonariensis) en Laguna Chascomus (Buenos aires, argentina). Relaciones ecologicas de complementacion y eficiencia trofica del plancton. Limnobios, La Plata, 1(10):447-460.         [ Links ]

ROSEN, D.E. 1964. The relationships and taxonomic position of the haltbeaks, killifishes, silverside and their relatives. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 127(5):217-268.         [ Links ]

SCRIMGEOUR, G.J. & M.J. WINTERBOURN. 1987. Diet, food resource partitioning and feeding periodicity of two riffle-dwelling fish species in a New Zeland river. Jour. Fish. Biol. 31:309-324.         [ Links ]

WHITE, H.N. 1985. Evolutionary relationships of the Atherinopsinae (Pisces: Atherinidae). Contrib. Sci. (368) 1-20.         [ Links ]

WOOTTON, RJ. 1990. Ecology of Teleost Fishes. New York, Chapman and Hall, 404p.         [ Links ]



Recebido em 19.X.2000; aceito em 24.VII.2001.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License