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Nauplius

On-line version ISSN 2358-2936

Nauplius vol.28  Botucatu  2020  Epub Mar 16, 2020

https://doi.org/10.1590/2358-2936e2020007 

Original Article

The rare porcelain crab Novorostrum decorocrus Osawa, 1998 (Anomura: Porcellanidae) from Indonesia

Luciane Augusto de Azevedo Ferreira1 
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1683-9962

Marcos Tavares1 
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7186-5787

1Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo, Laboratório de Carcinologia. Av. Nazareth, 481. 04263-000, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil


Abstract

Novorostrum decorocrus Osawa, 1998, so far only known from its type locality, Iriomote Island, Ryukyu Islands, southern Japan, is herein recorded from much farther south, Ambon Island, Indonesia. Males and females of N. decorocrus differ from each other in some morphological traits and their morphological differences are also discussed and illustrated. The female of N. decorocrus is illustrated for the first time. The present record of N. decorocrus from Indonesia lends empirical support to a previous proposition, based on the duration of 12-14 days of the planktonic period of the zoeal phase, that the distribution range of N. decorocrus could possibly be wider than known at that time.

Keywords: Biodiversity; new records; Indo-West Pacific; intertidal; zoeal phase

INTRODUCTION

Osawa (1998) established the genus Novorostrum for Petrolisthes indicusDe Man, 1893, a species originally described from the Flores Island, Indonesia, and subsequently found in Lombok (Indonesia), Mindanao (Philippines), Taiwan and south Japan. In the same paper, Osawa described two additional new species in Novorostrum, N. decorocrus Osawa, 1998 (Ryukyu Islands, Japan) and N. phuketense Osawa, 1998 (Phuket, Thailand), and merged Petrolisthes securigerMelin, 1939 (Ogasawara Islands, Japan; Taiwan), into the synonymy of N. indicum. However, the examination of Taiwanese specimens prompted Osawa and Chan (2010) to remove N. securiger from the synonymy of N. indicus. Osawa (1998) also expressed the opinion that Petrolisthes ornatus Paul'son, 1875 (western Indian Ocean) might belong to Novorostrum. Later, however, Osawa and McLaughlin (2010) retained P. ornatus in PetrolisthesStimpson, 1858. Therefore, Novorostrum currently consists of four Indo-West Pacific species, namely N. decorocrus, N. indicum, N. phuketense, and N. securiger.

In this report, Novorostrum decorocrus, so far only known from its type locality, Iriomote Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, is recorded from much farther south, Ambon, Indonesia. Considering that Osawa (1998) only described and illustrated the male holotype of N. decorocrus and that males and females differ from each other in some morphological traits, several illustrations of the female from Indonesia are given herein. The morphological differences between males and females are also briefly discussed and illustrated.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

The studied specimens are deposited in the carcinological collection of the Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo (MZUSP).

Measurements: cl, carapace length, taken from the front to the posterior median margin of the carapace; cw, carapace width, taken at the level of its widest point, in millimeters (mm).

TAXONOMIC ACCOUNT

Novorostrum decorocrusOsawa, 1998

(Figures 1 A-D; 2A-F)

Figure 1. Novorostrum decorocrusOsawa, 1998, ovigerous female, cl 4.3 mm, cw 4.3 mm (MZUSP 40089). A, Carapace, dorsal view. B, Right cheliped, dorsal view. C, Left second ambulatory leg, lateral view. D, Right ocular peduncle, cornea and antenna, dorsal view. Scale bars: (A-C) = 1 mm, (D) = 0.5 mm. 

Figure 2. Novorostrum decorocrusOsawa, 1998. A-C, Female, cl 4.3 mm, cw 4.3 mm (MZUSP 40089). D-E, Male, cl 3.0 mm, cw 3.0 mm (MZUSP 40088). (A, D) Cephalothorax, abdomen, and P5, dorsal view. (B, E) Right cheliped, dorsal view. (C, F) Left second ambulatory leg, lateral view. Scale bars = 1 mm.  

Novorostrum decorocrusOsawa, 1998: 170; Fujita and Osawa, 2005: 763 (description of larvae); Osawa and McLaughlin, 2010: 112 (list).

Material examined. 1 male cl 3.0 mm, cw 3.0 mm, MZUSP (40088), Tial, Ambon, Indonesia, 9 September 1991, intertidal zone, D. L. Rahayu coll. and don.; 1 ovigerous female cl 4.3 mm, cw 4.3 mm (MZUSP 40089), same data.

Distribution. Japan (Iriomote Island, Ryukyu Islands) and Indonesia (Tial, Ambon Island) (Osawa, 1998; present study).

Remarks. The Indonesian specimens agree well with Novorostrum decorocrus from the Ryukyu Islands as described and illustrated by Osawa (1998): (i) cheliped propodus bluntly toothed along the extensor margin, and with a weak crenulated longitudinal ridge adjacent to the extensor margin on the dorsal surface (Figs. 1B; 2B, E); (ii) cheliped carpus with several, small, acute or blunt teeth on the dorsal flexor margin (Figs. 1B; 2B, E); and (iii) propodus and carpus of P2-P4 (ambulatory legs) bluntly toothed on the extensor margins (Figs. 1C; 2C, F). In these respects, N. decorocrus differs markedly from N. indicum, N. securiger, and N. phuketense, whose chelipeds have no teeth along the extensor margins of the propodi, as well as no small teeth on the dorsal flexor margins exclusive of a broad, blunt proximal lobe; and the propodus and carpus of P2-P4 lack blunt teeth on the extensor margins (Osawa, 1998; Osawa and Chan, 2010). Novorostrum decorocrus further differs from N. indicum in having the carapace subtrapezoidal in dorsal view (Figs. 1A; 2A, D), rather than broadly subtriangular with narrower front.

Female and male (MZUSP 40089, 40088) of N. decorocrus differ from each other in that the cheliped palm of the female has more distinct longitudinal ridges and concavities along the dorsal midline than that of the male, as also noticed by Osawa (1998). In addition, the female differs from the male in having the carapace surface more strongly uneven with deeper longitudinal grooves, the front more strongly trilobate, with the median lobe more distinctly produced than the lateral lobes (Figs. 1A; 2A), and the ambulatory legs with more pronounced rugae and tubercles on the lateral surfaces (Figs. 1C; 2C).

Fujita and Osawa (2005) estimated 12-14 days as the planktonic period of the zoeal phase of N. decorocrus under laboratory conditions, at a water temperature of 28.0°C-28.5°C, and offered for consideration that the distribution range of N. decorocrus could possibly be wider than known at that time. The present record of N. decorocrus from much farther south (Ambon Island, Indonesia) than its type locality in southern Japan, provides empirical support to Fujita and Osawa's (2005) proposition.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

We are grateful to Dwi Listyo Rahayu for the donation of the present male and female of Novorostrum decorocrus, and to Joana d'Arc de J. Pinto and Maria José de S. Coelho (both from MZUSP) for their kind assistance throughout the execution of this work. MT specially thanks D.L. Rahayu (Yoyo) for all the fun time spent together during PhD researches at the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle in Paris. CNPq (PROTAX, 440426/2015-4) provided financial support through a post-doctoral fellowship to LAAF and funded this study through a fellowship to MT (Produtividade, 303122/2016-1).

REFERENCES

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Fujita, Y. and Osawa, M. 2005. Complete larval development of the rare porcellanid crab, Novorostrum decorocrus Osawa, 1998 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Porcellanidae), reared under laboratory conditions. Journal of Natural History, 39: 763-778. [ Links ]

Melin, G. 1939. Paguriden und Galatheiden von Prof. Dr. Sixten Bocks Expedition nach den Bonin-Inseln 1914.Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar, series 3, 18: 1-119. [ Links ]

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Osawa, M. 1998. Novorostrum, new genus (Decapoda: Anomura: Porcellanidae), with descriptions of three related species. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 18: 161-176. [ Links ]

Osawa, M. and Chan, T.Y. 2010. Part III Porcellanidae (Porcelain crabs). p. 67-181. In: T.Y. Chan. (ed), Crustacean Fauna of Taiwan: Crab-like Anomurans (Hippoidea, Lithoidoidea and Porcellanidae). Keelung, National Taiwan University. [ Links ]

Osawa, M. and McLaughlin, P.A. 2010. Annotated checklist of anomuran decapod crustaceans of the world (exclusive of the Kiwaoidea and Families Chirostylidae and Galatheidae of the Galatheoidea). Part II - Porcellanidae. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement 23: 109-129. [ Links ]

Stimpson, W. 1858. Prodromus descriptionis animalium evertebratum, quae in Expeditione ad Oceanum Pacificum Septentrionalem, a Republica Federata missa, Cadwaladaro Ringgold et Johanne Rodgers Ducibus, observavit et descripsit. Pars VII. Crustacea Anomoura. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Phiadelphia, 10: 225-252. [ Links ]

Received: October 29, 2019; Accepted: January 06, 2020

LAAF E-mail: lucianeaaf@gmail.com

MT E-mail: mdst@usp.br

Corresponding author Luciane Augusto de Azevedo Ferreira lucianeaaf@gmail.com

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