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Brazilian Journal of Microbiology

Print version ISSN 1517-8382On-line version ISSN 1678-4405

Braz. J. Microbiol. vol.48 no.4 São Paulo Oct./Dec. 2017 

Genome Announcement

Draft genome sequence of Streptomyces sp. strain F1, a potential source for glycoside hydrolases isolated from Brazilian soil

Ricardo Rodrigues de Meloa  b  1

Gabriela Felix Persinotia  1

Douglas Antonio Alvaredo Paixãoa 

Fábio Márcio Squinaa 

Roberto Rullera  * 

Helia Harumi Satob  * 

aCentro Nacional de Pesquisa em Energia e Materiais (CNPEM), Laboratório Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia do Bioetanol (CTBE), Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

bUniversidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Faculdade de Engenharia de Alimentos, Departamento de Ciência de Alimentos, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil


Here, we show the draft genome sequence of Streptomyces sp. F1, a strain isolated from soil with great potential for secretion of hydrolytic enzymes used to deconstruct cellulosic biomass. The draft genome assembly of Streptomyces sp. strain F1 has 69 contigs with a total genome size of 8,142,296 bp and G + C 72.65%. Preliminary genome analysis identified 175 proteins as Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes, being 85 glycoside hydrolases organized in 33 distinct families. This draft genome information provides new insights on the key genes encoding hydrolytic enzymes involved in biomass deconstruction employed by soil bacteria.

Keywords: Actinobacteria; Glycoside hydrolases; Streptomyces; Draft genome sequence; Soil bacteria


Streptomyces species are aerobic Gram-positive bacteria best known industrially as producers of natural antibiotics,1 but they are also recognized for their capacity to utilize cellulosic biomass.2 Phylogenetically, Streptomyces is the largest genus of the Actinobacteria phylum. During their lifetime, these soil bacteria are able to differentiate, produce aerial mycelia and a wide variety of secondary metabolites.3 Although a large number of Streptomyces species can grow on plant biomass, understanding of key genes encoding hydrolytic enzymes involved in biomass degrading by Streptomyces is currently limited to a few soil-isolates.2,4-7Streptomyces sp. strain F1 was isolated from soil containing decomposing organic matter collected in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. This isolated strain showed ability to grow in culture medium containing cellulose or hemicellulose as sole carbon source, and to secrete extracellular enzymes belonging to the glycoside hydrolases (GHs) families. Glycoside hydrolases are a group of enzymes that play an important role in the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into small chemical building blocks, which can then be used to produce biofuels and other important intermediary molecules.8 Here, we show the draft genome sequence of Streptomyces sp. F1, to identify GHs family members and to improve understanding of natural biomass utilization by soil bacteria.

Genomic DNA extraction from Streptomyces sp. F1 was carried out using FastDNA SPIN Kit for soil (MP Biomedicals, Irvine, CA) according to the manufacturer's instructions. The genome was sequenced by whole genome shotgun sequencing using the Illumina HiSeq 2500 System at CTBE Sequencing and Robotics NGS facility, generating 8,147,881 paired end reads (2× 100 bp). Reads were preprocessed with Trimmomatic,9 to remove low-quality and adapter sequences and were assembled using Spades version 3.6.10 The genome size was estimated to be 8,205,272, with approximately 100× coverage. The draft genome assembly of Streptomyces sp. F1 has 69 contigs, 8,142,296 bp in length with G + C content of 72.65% (Table 1), an N50 of 296,926 bp, and the largest contig was 760,841 bp. Genome completeness was evaluated using CheckM,11 which revealed that the assembly is 100% complete, considering 460 marker genes from Streptomycetaceae family.

Table 1 Summary of genome features of Streptomyces sp F1. 

Source Soil
Genome size, Mb 8.1
GC content % 0.73
tRNA 90
rRNA 3
Protein coding sequences 7262

Streptomyces sp. F1 showed highest 16S rDNA sequence similarity with Streptomyces misionensis strain NRRL B-3230T. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH)12 and Average Nucleotide Identity/Alignment fraction (gANI/AF)13 values of Streptomyces sp. F1 compared to Streptomyces misionensis DSM 40306, were 94.2% and 99.4%/0.99, respectively, suggesting that strain F1 may be classified as Streptomyces misionensis.

Streptomyces sp. F1 genome was annotated using IMG-JGI Microbial Genome Annotation Pipeline ( It has been predicted to include 7355 genes, being 7262 protein-coding genes, 3 rRNA (5S (1), 16S (1), 23S (1)), and 90 tRNA genes (Table 1). According to IMG functional annotation, 4453 genes were classified into COG categories, 5526 in PFAM protein families, 1542 in TIGRFAM families, and 714 in Transporter Classification. Further classification according to dbCAN showed that 175 proteins were classified as Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes, being 85 glycoside hydrolases organized in 33 distinct families. The current genome assembly provides a preliminary landscape of the genomic and metabolic capabilities of Streptomyces sp. F1.

Nucleotide sequence accession number

The whole genome sequences of Streptomyces sp. F1 have been deposited at DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank under accession number FKJI03000000.


The authors gratefully acknowledge the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) for their financial support and fellowships, and CNPEM-CTBE for the use of Sequencing and Robotics NGS facility.


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Received: September 26, 2016; Accepted: November 22, 2016

*Corresponding authors. E-mails: (R. Ruller), (H.H. Sato).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


These authors contributed equally to this work.

Creative Commons License This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original work is properly cited and the work is not changed in any way.