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Brazilian Journal of Biology

Print version ISSN 1519-6984

Braz. J. Biol. vol.70 no.3 São Carlos Aug. 2010 



New records of Guernella Richard 1892 (Cladocera, Macrothricidae) from Brazil



Elmoor-Loureiro, LMA.I, *; Lopes, PM.II; Jesus, SB.III; Bozelli, RL.II; Aleluia, FTF.III

ILaboratório de Zoologia, Universidade Católica de Brasília - UnB, QS 7, Lote 1, Bloco M, sala 331, CEP 71966-700, Taguatinga, DF, Brazil
IILaboratório de Limnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ, Prédio CCS, bloco A, subsolo, sala A0-008, Ilha do Fundão, CEP 21941-590, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
IIIBioconsultoria Ambiental Ltda., Núcleo Integrado de Estudos em Zoologia - NIEZ, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Católica do Salvador - UCSal, Av. Pinto de Aguiar, CEP 40080-121, Patamares, Salvador, BA, Brazil



Guernella raphaelis Richard 1892 was described originally from Congo and, for a long time, it has been considered the single species of the genus, with circumtropical distribution (Thomas, 1961; Smirnov, 1992). Based on the analysis of Richard's sample, as well as specimens from Asia and the Southern United States, Frey (1988) suggested that these populations belong to different species. Important morphological variations were also reported for specimens from Argentina (Paggi, 1976) and Mexico (Elías-Gutiérrez et al., 2001; Garfias-Espejo and Elías-Gutiérrez, 2003), which support the idea that Guernella raphaelis is a complex of species. For this reason, non-African populations should be better named as Guernella cf. raphaelis.

In South America, the occurrence of Guernella raphaelis was reported from Argentina (Paggi, 1976, 1987), Venezuela (Zoppi de Roa and Vazquez, 1991), Suriname (Frey, 1988), and Brazil (upper Paraná River floodplain - Serafim Jr. et al., 2003, Paraguay River - Hollwedel et al., 2003). There is also a record of Guernella sp. from Curuá-Una Reservoir, Pará (Robertson, 1980).

The present paper aims to present new records of Guernella cf raphaelis from Brazil: plankton sample collected near Ximboá, Araguaia River, Tocantins (appr. 6° 24' 22" S; 48° 32' 8" W), in 2003, leg. by M.S.R. Ibañez; plankton sample from Fish River, Itagibá, Bahia (14° 11' 3" S and 39° 39' 56" W), in October/2008, coll by S. B. de Jesus and plankton sample from Atoleiro pond, Restinga of Jurubatiba National Park, Rio de Janeiro (22° 22' 30'' S and 41° 30' 42'' W), coll. by P.M. Lopes.

The voucher specimens were deposited in the collections of the Laboratory of Zoology at the Universidade Católica de Brasília, Laboratory of Limnology at the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, and in the Núcleo Integrado de Estudos em Zoologia (NIEZ) at the Universidade Católica do Salvador.

The analysed specimens (Figure 1) agree with the general description of Guernella raphaelis (Smirnov, 1992), but present some particularities in comparison to African, Mexican, and Argentinean populations (as presented in Grafias-Espejo and Elías-Gutiérrez, 2003). Brazilian specimens share some characteristics with the Argentinean and Mexican populations, which are not found in specimens from Africa: four setae on IDL of trunk limb I (Figure 2) and eight scrapers on trunk limb II. The gnathobase of the trunk limb II (Figure 3) is similar to the Mexican specimens, presenting an acute protuberance near gnathobase and four gnathobasic setae (no available information for Argentinean specimens). The ciliated lamella in the postabdominal claws, until now only reported for Argentinean populations (Paggi, 1976), was observed in the studied specimens (Figure 4). Our results suggest that South American populations belong to the same taxon.



There are no descriptions or comments on morphology for previous Brazilian records of Guernella (Robertson, 1980; Serafim Jr. et al., 2003; Hollwedel et al., 2003), which do not allow comparisons with our specimens.

The present data indicate that Guernella cf. raphaelis is widely distributed in Brazil (Figure 5), although not frequently reported.



Acknowledgements - The authors thank M.S.R. Ibañez, Mirabela Brasil LTDA, Bioconsultoria Ambiental LTDA, Vale S.A., IBAMA, and ICMBio for making possible the collection of the specimens.



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Received September 14, 2009
Accepeted September 29, 2010
Distributed August 31, 2010



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