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Revista Brasileira de Gestão de Negócios

versão impressa ISSN 1983-0807versão On-line ISSN 1806-4892

Rev. bras. gest. neg. vol.17 no.55 São Paulo abr. 2015 


The Influence of Ownership Concentration on Firm Resource Allocations to Employee Relations, External Social Actions, and Environmental Action

Vicente Lima Crisóstomo1 

Fátima de Souza Freire2 

1Accounting Department, Universidade Federal do Ceará, CE, Brazil

2Accounting Department, University of Brasília, DF, Brazil



The purpose of this work is to examine the influence of ownership concentration on the funds allocated to CSR in Brazilian firm.


Econometric models have been estimated, with an index of CSR as the dependent variable, and ownership concentration as the explanatory variable, together with relevant control variables suggested in the literature (profitability, leverage, growth opportunities, and firm size). A Brazilian CSR database has been built using data extracted from two different sources, one relative to CSR data and another that provides ownership structure and financial data. CSR policy is proxied by an index obtained as the ratio between funds directed to social action (employee relations, external social actions, and environmental action) and net sales.


The findings indicate that CSR is positively influenced by firm ownership concentration in Brazil.

Practical implications:

The positive influence of ownership concentration on CSR may be an indication that large controlling shareholders of Brazilian firm may be considering CSR as an effective way to improve the image and reputation of the firm and its owners. This belief may be stimulating CSR projects and their disclosure in Brazil.


This work is an additional contribution to the debate about the role played by ownership structure on CSR. Taking into account that the central point of Stakeholder Theory is a firm’s concern with all its stakeholders, the research builds on Stakeholder and Agency Theories by assessing the influence of large controlling shareholders on a firm’s social concerns.

Keywords: Corporate social responsibility; Ownership structure; Ownership concentration

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.


The authors are grateful to the anonymous referees and the editorial board, in name of Prof. Jeffrey S. Harrison (Guest Co-Editor), for their insightful suggestions. Vicente Lima Crisóstomo acknowledges the support from CNPq (477343/2013-9 - Universal 14/2013).


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2Evaluation process: Double Blind Review

Received: June 29, 2014; Accepted: May 29, 2015

Editor in charge: Jeffrey S. Harrison, Dr.


Vicente Lima Crisóstomo: PhD in Finance, University of Valladolid (Spain) []


Fátima de Souza Freire : Post-PhD in Environmental Accounting, University of ST Andrews (Scotland) []

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