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Arquivos do Instituto Biológico

Print version ISSN 0020-3653On-line version ISSN 1808-1657

Arq. Inst. Biol. vol.87  São Paulo  2020  Epub Nov 09, 2020

https://doi.org/10.1590/1808-1657000342019 

Scientific Communication

Agricultural Entomology

New occurrences of Anastrepha Schiner (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil*

Novas ocorrências de Anastrepha Schiner (Diptera: Tephritidae) no estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil

Victor Dias Pirovani1  ** 
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1143-4547

David dos Santos Martins2 
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8465-3134

Keiko Uramoto3 
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2676-0035

Paulo Sérgio Fiuza Ferreira4 
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7165-6398

1Instituto Federal do Espírito Santo, Campus de Alegre – Alegre (ES), Brazil

2Instituto Capixaba de Pesquisa, Assistência Técnica e Extensão Rural – Vitória (ES), Brazil

3Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, Universidade de São Paulo – Piracicaba (SP), Brazil

4Universidade Federal de Viçosa – Viçosa (MG), Brazil


ABSTRACT:

Occurrences of Anastrepha barbiellinii Lima, Anastrepha connexa Lima, Anastrepha consobrina (Loew), Anastrepha kuhlmanni Lima, Anastrepha leptozona Hendel, and Anastrepha xanthochaeta Hendel are recorded for the first time in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The species were captured in McPhail traps baited with hydrolyzed protein (5%) in orchards of cultivated species and in a remnant of the Atlantic Forest in the municipality of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, or obtained from the collection of species deposited in the Regional Museum of Entomology (UFVB) of the Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Campus Viçosa, in the state of Minas Gerais.

KEYWORDS: fruit flies; tephritidae; diversity; geographic distribution

RESUMO:

Ocorrências de Anastrepha barbiellinii Lima, Anastrepha connexa Lima, Anastrepha consobrina (Loew), Anastrepha kuhlmanni Lima, Anastrepha leptozona Hendel e Anastrepha xanthochaeta Hendel são registradas pela primeira vez no estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. As espécies foram capturadas em armadilhas do tipo McPhail com um atrativo alimentar de proteína hidrolisada (5%) em três pomares de espécies cultivadas e um remanescente de Mata Atlântica no município de Viçosa, Minas Gerais, ou obtidas por meio de levantamento de espécies de Tephritidae depositadas no Museu Regional de Entomologia (UFVB) da Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Campus Viçosa, estado de Minas Gerais.

PALAVRAS-CHAVE: mosca-das-frutas; tefritídeos; diversidade; distribuição geográfica

Anastrepha Schiner, 1868 (Diptera: Tephritidae), is the most diverse genus of the Tephritidae family in the Neotropical region, with more than 250 species described (URAMOTO; ZUCCHI, 2010; NORRBOM; KORYTKOWSKI, 2012). Brazil has 121 species recorded (ZUCCHI; MORAES, 2008), of which 30 are reported in the state of Minas Gerais (ZUCCHI; MORAES, 2008; DUARTE et al., 2015). Some Anastrepha species have their distribution limited to tropical and subtropical forests, while others occur in all regions of Brazil (MALAVASI, 2000; ZUCCHI, 2007).

This study aimed to report new occurrence records of fruit flies in Minas Gerais. The studies were carried out in four areas: two fruit orchards in the Campus of the Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV) (20°45’S, 42°51’W, 696 m; 20°45’S, 42°52’W, 667 m), a private fruit orchard (20°50’S, 42°54’W, 718 m), and a remnant of the Atlantic Forest, with 194 ha of secondary vegetation of the seasonal semideciduous forest subtype, with a high proportion of evergreen species (ALONSO, 1977), known as “Mata do Córrego do Paraíso” (20°46’S, 45°50’W, 600–700 m), located about 8 km from the UFV Campus. In addition, a survey was conducted on fruit fly species (Diptera: Tephritidae) deposited in the Regional Museum of Entomology (UFVB) at the Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Campus Viçosa.

They were captured in a McPhail trap baited with 300 mL of 5% hydrolyzed protein. The traps were distributed in the tree canopies of cultivated and wild fruit trees, about 1.5 m from the ground. Each week the material was checked with the help of a sieve and fine point tweezers. Afterward, the traps were washed, and the baits were renewed. At each procedure, fruit flies were quantified, sexed, properly labeled, and fixed in 70% alcohol for later identification.

The samples were collected between June 2007 and December 2010 with a total of 20 traps, distributed randomly and representatively in each environment, with six traps placed in UFV orchards, two in the private orchard, and twelve in the remnant of the Atlantic Forest. We collected 13,152 specimens of fruit flies of the genus Anastrepha (7,101 females and 6,051 males). Among them, three females of Anastrepha barbiellinii Lima, 1938, were captured with a frequency of 0.61%; and two females of Anastrepha leptozona Hendel, 1914, showed 0.41% of frequency in the identified species. The presence of both species was recorded for the first time in the state of Minas Gerais.

Anastrepha barbiellinii has only one known host in Brazil — Pereskia sp. (Cactaceae) (ZUCCHI; MORAES, 2008). Its occurrence in this country has been registered in the states of Mato Grosso do Sul (midwest region); Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, and São Paulo (southeast region); Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, and Santa Catarina (south region). Anastrepha leptozona has been recorded infesting 13 hosts from five different botanical families in Brazil — Anacardiaceae, Icacinaceae, Myrtaceae, Rubiaceae, and Sapotaceae —, in 15 states — Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Rondônia, Roraima, and Tocantins (north region); Bahia, Maranhão, and Piauí (northeast region); Goiás, Mato Grosso, and Mato Grosso do Sul (midwest region); Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, and São Paulo (southeast region) (ZUCCHI; MORAES, 2008).

Four species of the genus Anastrepha were identified and deposited in UFVB, all without prior record in the state of Minas Gerais: Anastrepha connexa Lima, 1934 (1♀, collected in X.1938), identified by Dr. Ângelo Moreira da Costa Lima, from Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), in 1939; A. consobrina (Loew, 1873) (1♀, collected in IX.1938), A. kuhlmanni Lima, 1934 (5♀, collected in VIII.1939) and A. xanthochaeta Hendel, 1914 (1♀, collected in III.1939), identified by Dr. Roberto Antonio Zucchi, from Escola Superior de Agronomia Luiz de Queiros, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), in 1981. Anastrepha connexa has been registered in Brazil only in the state of São Paulo and has no known host in the country (ZUCCHI; MORAES, 2008). Anastrepha consobrina has been reported in the states of Bahia, Maranhão, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, and São Paulo; A. kuhlmanni in Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Santa Catarina; and A. xanthochaeta in São Paulo, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, and Santa Catarina, having known hosts in the Passifloraceae family (ZUCCHI, 1978; ZUCCHI; MORAES, 2008).

Currently, the genus Anastrepha has 30 fruit fly species present in Minas Gerais (ZUCCHI; MORAES, 2008). However, with the new occurrence recorded in this study, this number increased to 36 species (Table 1).

Table 1 Species of the genus Anastrepha (Tephritidae) registered in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, and additional references cited. 

Species Place of occurrence (municipality) References
Anastrepha aczeli (Blanchard, 1961) Bambuí DUARTE et al. (2015)
Anastrepha alveata (Stone, 1942) Itacarambi, Jaíba, Janaúba, Nova Porteirinha CANAL et al. (1998a); ALVARENGA et al. (2010)
Anastrepha barbiellinii (Lima, 1938*) Viçosa Present study
Anastrepha bahiensis (Lima, 1937) Jaíba, Janaúba CANAL et al. (1998a); ALVARENGA et al. (2010)
Anastrepha barnesi (Aldrich, 1925) Janaúba, Nova Porteirinha CANAL et al. (1998a)
Anastrepha bezzii (Lima, 1934) Viçosa SANTOS et al. (1993); PIROVANI et al. (2010)
Anastrepha bistrigata (Bezzi, 1919) Lavras, Viçosa ZUCCHI (1978); PIROVANI et al. (2010)
Anastrepha connexa (Lima, 1934*) Viçosa Present study
Anastrepha consobrina (Loew, 1873)* Viçosa Present study
Anastrepha daciformis (Bezzi, 1909) Jaíba CANAL et al. (1998a)
Anastrepha dissimilis (Stone, 1942) Itacarambi, Jaíba, Janaúba, Nova Porteirinha, Viçosa CANAL et al. (1998a); PIROVANI et al. (2010); CAMARGOS et al. (2015)
Anastrepha distincta (Greene, 1934) Jaíba, Janaúba, Nova Porteirinha, Viçosa CANAL et al. (1998a); PIROVANI et al. (2010)
Anastrepha entodonta Canal, (Uramoto and Zucchi, 2013) Jaíba, Janaúba, Nova Porteirinha CANAL et al. (2013); CAMARGOS et al. (2015)
Anastrepha flavipennis (Greene, 1934) Jaíba CANAL et al. (1998a)
Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemman, 1830) Itacarambi, Itajubá, Jaíba, Janaúba, Nova Porteirinha, Viçosa ZUCCHI (1978); CARVALHO (1988); ROSSI et al. (1988); CANAL et al. (1998a, 1998b); PIROVANI et al. (2010); ALVARENGA et al. (2010); SOUZA et al. (2012); MACHADO et al. (2012); CAMARGOS et al. (2015)
Anastrepha furcata (Lima, 1934) Viçosa PIROVANI et al. (2010)
Anastrepha grandis (Macquart, 1846) Caldas, Viçosa ROSSI et al. (1988); PIROVANI et al. (2010)
Anastrepha hadropickeli Canal (Uramoto and Zucchi, 2013) Itacarambi, Jaíba, Janaúba, Nova Porteirinha CANAL et al. (2013); CAMARGOS et al. (2015)
Anastrepha hambletoni (Lima, 1934) Viçosa ZUCCHI (1978);
Anastrepha kuhlmanni (Lima, 1934*) Viçosa Present study
Anastrepha leptozona (Hendel, 1914*) Viçosa Present study
Anastrepha manihoti (Lima, 1934) Jaíba, Viçosa ZUCCHI (1978); PIROVANI et al. (2010); CAMARGOS et al. (2015)
Anastrepha minensis (Lima, 1937) Viçosa ZUCCHI (1978); PIROVANI et al. (2010)
Anastrepha montei (Lima, 1934) Belo Horizonte, Itacarambi, Jaíba, Janaúba, Nova Porteirinha, Viçosa ZUCCHI (1978); CANAL et al. (1998a); PIROVANI et al. (2010)
Anastrepha nigripalpis (Hendel, 1914) Nova Porteirinha CANAL et al. (1998a)
Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart, 1835) Itacarambi, Jaíba, Janaúba, Nova Porteirinha, Viçosa CANAL et al. (1998a, 1998b); ALVARENGA et al. (2010); PIROVANI et al. (2010); SOUZA et al. (2012); CAMARGOS et al. (2015)
Anastrepha pickeli (Lima, 1934) Jaíba, Janaúba, Nova Porteirinha, Viçosa ZUCCHI (1978); CANAL et al. (1998a); PIROVANI et al. (2010); ALVARENGA et al. (2010); CAMARGOS et al. (2015)
Anastrepha pseudoparallela (Loew, 1873) Viçosa PIROVANI et al. (2010)
Anastrepha serpentina (Wiedemman, 1830) Jaíba, Matias Barbosa, Viçosa ZUCCHI (1978); CANAL et al. (1998a); PIROVANI et al. (2010)
Anastrepha similis (Greene, 1934) Bambuí DUARTE et al. (2015)
Anastrepha sororcula (Zucchi, 1979) Itacarambi, Jaíba, Janaúba, Nova Porteirinha, Viçosa CARVALHO (1988); CANAL et al. (1998a, 1998b); PIROVANI et al. (2010); ALVARENGA et al. (2010); SOUZA et al. (2012)
Anastrepha turpiniae (Stone, 1942) Jaíba SOUZA et al. (2012)
Anastrepha undosa (Stone, 1942) Itacarambi, Jaíba CANAL et al. (1998a)
Anastrepha xanthochaeta (Hendel, 1914*) Viçosa Present study
Anastrepha zenildae (Zucchi, 1979) Itacarambi, Jaíba, Janaúba, Nova Porteirinha CANAL et al. (1998a, 1998b); ALVARENGA et al. (2010); SOUZA et al. (2012); CAMARGOS et al. (2015)
Anastrepha zernyi (Lima, 1934) Jaíba CANAL et al. (1998a)

*New species records in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

*This paper is part of the dissertation thesis of the first author.

FUNDING: This study was supported by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) through Scientific Initiation Scholarship for the first author (Process no 135781/2009-4).

ETHICAL APPROVAL: Not applicable.

AVAILABILITY OF DATA AND MATERIAL: The material collected in the field and identified by Dr. Keiko Uramoto (one of the authors of the manuscripts) is deposited at Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ) and can be provided in case of contact by the interested party.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS:

Not applicable.

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Received: June 05, 2019; Accepted: March 07, 2020

** Corresponding author: victorpirovani@gmail.com

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST: The authors certify that they have no commercial or associative interest that represents a conflict of interest in connection with the manuscript.

AUTHORS’ CONTRIBUTIONS: Conceptualization: Pirovani, V.D.; Martins, D.S.; Ferreira, P.S.F. Data curation: Ferreira, P.S.F.; Uramoto, K. Formal analysis: Pirovani, V.D.; Martins, D.S. Funding acquisition: Martins, D.S.; Ferreira, P.S. Investigation: Pirovani, V.D. Methodology: Pirovani, V.D.; Martins, D.S.; Ferreira, P.S.F.; Uramoto, K. Project administration: Pirovani, V.D.; Martins, D.S. Supervision: Martins, D.S.; Ferreira, P.S.F.; Uramoto, K. Validation: Pirovani, V.D.; Martins, D.S.; Ferreira, P.S.F. Visualization: Pirovani, V.D.; Martins, D.S.; Ferreira, P.S.F.; Uramoto, K. Writing — original draft: Pirovani, V.D.; Martins, D. Writing — review & editing: Pirovani, V.D.

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