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Dementia & Neuropsychologia

versão impressa ISSN 1980-5764

Dement. neuropsychol. vol.3 no.1 São Paulo jan./mar. 2009

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-57642009DN30100007 

Original Articles

Lack of executive function deficits among adult ADHD individuals from a Brazilian clinical sample

Ausência de déficits de funções executivas em adultos portadores de TDAH provenientes de amostra clínica brasileira

Eloisa Saboya 1  

Gabriel Coutinho 2  

Daniel Segenreich 3  

Vanessa Ayrão 4  

Paulo Mattos 5  

1Psicóloga, Doutora em Saúde Mental, Instituto de Psiquiatria da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

2Psicólogo, Mestre em Saúde Mental, Instituto de Psiquiatria da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro e Centro de Neuropsicologia Aplicada do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

3Psiquiatra, Mestre em Psiquiatria, Instituto de Psiquiatria da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

4Psiquiatra, Pesquisadora do GEDA, Instituto de Psiquiatria da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

5Psiquiatra, Doutor em Psiquiatria, Professor Associado - Instituto de Psiquiatria da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.


Abstract

Executive function deficits have been previously documented in individuals with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

Objective:

The current study aimed to compare measures of executive functions among a clinical sample of adults with ADHD and normal control subjects, matched for age, gender and education.

Methods:

Twenty-three self-referred adults diagnosed with ADHD according to DSM-IV criteria, and twenty-five control subjects were assessed using a neuropsychological battery which included the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Tower of Hanoi, Digit Span, Trail Making Test (A and B), Stroop Test and Raven's Progressive Matrices.

Results:

The ADHD group did not differ significantly from the control subjects on any of the measures assessed.

Conclusion:

Measures of executive functions using this test battery were unable to discriminate between adults with ADHD and control subjects in this clinical sample.

Key words: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; attention; executive functions; neuropsychological tests; adults.

Resumo

Déficits de funções executivas foram previamente documentados em portadores de Transtorno do Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade (TDAH).

Objetivo:

O presente estudo objetivou comparar medidas de funções executivas entre adultos portadores de TDAH e controles normais, pareados por idade, sexo e escolaridade.

Métodos:

Vinte e três adultos auto-referidos diagnosticados como portadores de TDAH de acordo com os critérios do DSM-IV e vinte e cinco controles foram avaliados com bateria de testes neuropsicológicos, que incluía: Teste de Seleção de Cartas de Wisconsin, Torre de Hanoi, Amplitude de Dígitos , Teste das Trilhas (A e B), Teste de Stroop e Matrizes Progressivas de Raven.

Resultados:

O desempenho dos portadores de TDAH não diferiu de forma significativa dos controles em nenhum dos testes utilizados.

Conclusão:

A bateria de testes de funções executivas utilizada no presente estudo não foi capaz de discriminar adultos portadores de TDAH de controles desta amostra clínica.

Palavras-chave: Transtorno do Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade; atenção; funções executivas; testes neuropsicológicos; adultos.

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

References

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Received: November 20, 2008; Accepted: February 17, 2009

Gabriel Coutinho - Rua Paulo Barreto, 91 - 22280-010 Rio de Janeiro RJ - Brazil. E-mail: gabrielccoutinho@gmail.com

Disclosure:

The authors reports no conflicts of interest.

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