Revista de Microbiologia
Print version ISSN 0001-3714
NAMPOOTHIRI, K. Madhavan and PANDEY, Ashok. Fermentation and recovery of L-glutamic acid from cassava starch hydrolysate by ion-exchange resin column. Rev. Microbiol. [online]. 1999, vol.30, n.3, pp. 258-264. ISSN 0001-3714. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0001-37141999000300013.
Investigations were carried out with the aim of producing L-glutamic acid from Brevibacterium sp. by utilizing a locally available starchy substrate, cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz). Initial studies were carried out in shake flasks, which showed that even though the yield was high with 85-90 DE (Dextrose Equivalent value), the maximum conversion yield (~34%) was obtained by using only partially digested starch hydrolysate, i.e. 45-50 DE. Fermentations were carried out in batch mode in a 5 L fermenter, using suitably diluted cassava starch hydrolysate, using a 85-90 DE value hydrolysate. Media supplemented with nutrients resulted in an accumulation of 21 g/L glutamic acid with a fairly high (66.3%) conversation yield of glucose to glutamic acid (based on glucose consumed and on 81.74% theoretical conversion rate). The bioreactor conditions most conducive for maximum production were pH 7.5, temperature 30°C and an agitation of 180 rpm. When fermentation was conducted in fed-batch mode by keeping the residual reducing sugar concentration at 5% w/v, 25.0 g/L of glutamate was obtained after 40 h fermentation (16% more the batch mode). Chromatographic separation by ion-exchange resin was used for the recovery and purification of glutamic acid. It was further crystallized and separated by making use of its low solubility at the isoelectric point (pH 3.2).
Keywords : Brevibacterium sp.; L-glutamic acid; cassava hydrolysate; batch and fed-batch process; ion-exchange resin; purification.