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Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia
On-line version ISSN 1677-9487
SOUZA, Luiz José de et al. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and risk factors in Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab [online]. 2003, vol.47, n.1, pp.69-74. ISSN 1677-9487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-27302003000100011.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and risk factors in adults of Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of a populational basis was performed, with sample conglomerates stratified by social and economical levels. Two visits were performed to 1039 individuals, with application of a questionnaire, evaluation of the arterial blood pressure, anthropometric measurements and collection of fasting blood for glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, HDL-c and LDL-c. RESULTS: The age-adjusted prevalence was 6.0%. Men (6.3%) and women (5.7%) had similar results, as well white (5.9%) and non-white (6.3%). The prevalence of DM was higher in people with family history of the disease (p<0.001). The prevalence of DM increased from 2.1% in people with 18-29 years to 18.3% in those with more than 70 years of age (p<0.001). DM was more prevalent among patients with arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia and weight excess (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The results are similar to prevalence numbers in other regions of Brazil. Thus, we realize the great importance of DM on public health context as a chronic and non-transmissible disease.
Keywords : Diabetes mellitus; Risk factors; Prevalence; Epidemiology.