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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-907X
BARBOSA, Fabiano Timbó; CUNHA, Rafael Martins da and PINTO, André Luiz Carvalho Leme Teixeira. Postoperative delirium in the elderly. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2008, vol.58, n.6, pp. 665-670. ISSN 1806-907X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942008000600012.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postoperative delirium is a common complication in the elderly whose pathophysiology is not well known. It seems to be related to central cholinergic activity. A literature review was undertaken to describe the etiology, diagnosis, prophylactic strategies, and treatment of postoperative delirium. CONTENTS: Probable etiologies, diagnosis, prophylaxis, and treatment of postoperative delirium in the elderly were described. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of postoperative delirium is higher in the elderly, and prophylactic measures should be taken to reduce the mortality associated with this complication.
Keywords : COMPLICATIONS [delirium]; SURGERY [elderly].