SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.75 issue6Comparative study between phenol red thread test and the Schirmer's test in the diagnosis of dry eyes syndromeSelf instillation perception of eye drops in elderly patients with and without facial support device author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0034-7280On-line version ISSN 1982-8551


MENDANHA, Denise Borges de Andrade; ABRAHAO, Mayara Martins; VILAR, Mateus Martins Cortez  and  NASSARALLA JUNIOR, João Jorge. Risk factors and incidence of diabetic retinopathy. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2016, vol.75, n.6, pp.443-446. ISSN 0034-7280.


The present study aims to evaluate the incidence, and risk factors of diabetic retinopathy( disease duration and the presence of hypertension).


This is a field study, retrospective with quantitative approach.The study population was patients diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy in the period of july 2015 to december 2015. The collection of the data was made through analysis of medical records, it was analyzed the following data : time of diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, presence or absence of systemic hypertension


The overall incidence of diabetic retinopathy was 24 new cases in thesis months of analysis. Of wich a total of 66%( 16 patients) had systemic arterial hypertension and 46% had inefficient glycemic control. It was observed that 66% of the patients had indication for photocoagulation laser or intravitreal injection of anti-angiogenic and among those, 35% had diabetes for over 20 years.


There was a strong relation between severe diabetic retinopathy, the duration of disease, systemic hypertension and bad glycemic control, with a poor outcome for disease. It also concludes that there is a significant need for assessment of diabetic patients for the presence of DR.

Keywords : Diabetic retinopathy; Blood glucose; Hypertension.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English | Portuguese     · English ( pdf ) | Portuguese ( pdf )