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Revista Ceres

versão impressa ISSN 0034-737X

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BAHRY, Carlos André et al. Effect of additional nitrogen on soybean yield components in water stress condition. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2014, vol.61, n.2, pp.288-292. ISSN 0034-737X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-737X2014000200019.

Nitrogen is the nutrient required in the largest amounts by soybean. Its limitation to the plants can compromise the final yield of the crop. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of additional nitrogen on soybean yield components through the use of different sources, doses and times of application. The study was carried out in a crop area in Arroio Grande, RS. The reproductive stages in which the nitrogen was applied were: R1; R3; R5.1; R5.2; R5.3; R5.4; R5.5; R6 and R7, via ammonium nitrate and amidic sources, in the following doses: 0, 30, 60, 90 and 120 kg ha-1. The variables evaluated were: number of pods, number of grains per pod and thousand grain weight of the lower, middle and upper thirds separately and total, as well as yield. Randomized blocks were performed with three replicates. Data were subjected to variance analysis and regression analysis was applied. The variables that did not show interaction with doses were analyzed by the Tukey's multiple comparison test, at 5% probability. The application of nitrogen in the soybean reproductive stages positively influenced some yield components. However, it did not increase the yield, possibly due to water stress to which the crop was subjected.

Palavras-chave : reproductive stages; amidic source; ammonium nitrate; N doses.

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