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Fitopatologia Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0100-4158versão On-line ISSN 1678-4677

Resumo

CARVALHO, SERGIO A.; MULLER, GERD W.; POMPEU JR, JORGINO  e  CASTRO, JAIRO LOPES DE. Woody Gall symptoms in different citrus species and varieties artificially colonized by the citrus brown aphid Toxoptera citricidus. Fitopatol. bras. [online]. 2001, vol.26, n.1, pp.95-98. ISSN 0100-4158.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-41582001000100018.

Seedlings of 41 different citrus species and varieties were massively colonized with the citrus brown aphid Toxoptera citricidus, obtained from Pêra sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) trees, presenting symptoms of the "Capão Bonito" complex of the Citrus tristeza virus (CTV). The objective was to evaluate resistance or tolerance of the varieties to that virus complex, but even after eight months of inoculation no stem pitting was observed in the plants. Otherwise, the presence of galls similar to those induced by the vein enation-woody gall disease was observed in 73% of the plants of Volkamer Palermo (Citrus volkameriana), 60% of the Volkamer Catania 2, 2% of the Rangpur Lime D.22.30 (Citrus limonia), 13% of the Volkamer Australian Red, the Rangpur Lime hybrid, the Orlando tangelo (Citrus reticulata x Citrus paradisi) and the Florida Rough lemon (C. jambhiri), and 7% of the Carrizo citrange (Poncirus trifoliata x Citrus sinensis). The highest incidence and the largest gall size were observed in the Palermo Volkamer showing that this clone would be the most suitable to be used as an indicator plant in biological indexing tests for the disease. There are no previous reports in the literature about the occurrence of woody galls in Orlando tangelo and Carrizo citrange.

Palavras-chave : Citrus; vírus; "vein enation"-"woody gall"; transmissão por afídeos.

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