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Summa Phytopathologica

versão impressa ISSN 0100-5405

Resumo

NAVARINI, Lucas  e  BALARDIN, Ricardo Silveiro. Foliar diseases and control by fungicides on yield and quality of wheat grains. Summa phytopathol. [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.4, pp.294-299. ISSN 0100-5405.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-54052012000400004.

The study was structured to determine the necessary factors, from the point of view of chemical control of foliar diseases, to obtain high quality wheat for bread production. The experiment in randomized blocks with six replicates tried to clarify the interaction between twelve cultivars and seven fungicide application programs, as well as its implications in the yield and quality of wheat grains. The results showed that the effects provided by fungicides in disease control, and their direct effects on the physiology of wheat plants, were decisive factors for obtaining high-quality wheat. The results also showed that diseases compromise the remobilization of nitrogen from leaves to grains. The differences between strobilurins and triazoles were evident in the control of leaf spot and leaf rust, in which triazole fungicides were more effective in controlling the leaf spot complex, when compared to strobilurins. However, effective control of wheat leaf rust was provided by strobilurins. The phenological stages of elongation and emission of spikes are critical times for the chemical control of leaf spot under conditions of monoculture. In addition, the fungicide application after flowering is essential for the appropriate management of leaf rust.

Palavras-chave : gluten strength; strobilurins; nitrogen; Triticum sativum; Puccinia recondita; leaf spots.

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