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Revista Brasileira de Educação Médica

Print version ISSN 0100-5502On-line version ISSN 1981-5271

Abstract

DIAS-LIMA, Artur et al. Evaluation, Teaching and Active Methodologies: an Experience as Part of the Curricular Component Mechanisms of Aggression and Defense of the Medicine course of Universidade do Estado da Bahia, Brazil. Rev. bras. educ. med. [online]. 2019, vol.43, n.2, pp.216-224. ISSN 0100-5502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1981-52712015v43n2rb20180037.

Changes are occurring in health teaching and professional training, due to the introduction of active methodologies to the teaching-learning process in Brazilian higher education institutions. These active learning methodologies, such as PBL (Problem-Based Learning), are used to help medical students acquire knowledge in a more relevant way, compared to traditional teaching. Medical education in Brazil has been the subject of much discussion, and has undergone significant changes in recent years. The objective of the present work is to report the teaching experience in the curricular components Mechanisms of Aggression and Defense I (MAD I) and Mechanisms of Aggression and Defense II (MAD II) of Universidade do Estado da Bahia [State University of Bahia] - Campus I in undergraduate teaching in Medicine. These subjects are composed of the disciplines microbiology, parasitology, immunology (MAD I and II) and pathology (MAD II), taught in an integrated way. Active teaching methodologies were applied, such as problem-based learning, laboratory activities, scientific presentations and the use of film. In addition, the MOODLE tool was used in the virtual campus. This proposal began in 2012 and has been applied since then. The experience of the MADs, with the use of different forms of teaching methodologies, has led to a transformation of traditional teaching, leading students to develop their skills and competencies and build knowledge. These new teaching alternatives allow for a broader interaction between the students and the teacher and led us to reflect and advance in the evaluation process, which has been carried out in a broad and procedural way. Moreover, a positive impact on the students’ training was observed. As for the processes of teaching, learning and evaluation, new pedagogical proposals should be introduced, prioritizing the formative and developmental character of students so that the necessary competences can be built into the profile established by the National Curricular Guidelines (DCNs) of the Undergraduate Medicine course and other courses in the area of health.

Keywords : Education; Medical; Undergraduate; Interdisciplinary Placement; Learning; Problem-Based Learning.

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