versão impressa ISSN 0100-6916
ROS, Vinicius de V; SOUZA, Cristiano M. A. de; VITORINO, Antonio C. T e RAFULL, Leidy Z. L. Oxisol resistence to penetration in no-till system after sowing. Eng. Agríc. [online]. 2011, vol.31, n.6, pp. 1104-1114. ISSN 0100-6916. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-69162011000600008.
If inappropriately conducted, management and sowing practices may compromise the environment and the profitability of the agricultural activity. The aim of this study was to analyze the furrow opener mechanisms action and the level of load applied to soil firming mechanism in no-till, on the Oxisol resistance to penetration during soybean sowing, under three soil moistures. The experiment was arranged in split-split plot design, in which the plots were composed by three soil moistures (23.8; 25.5 and 27.5% b.s.), two furrow opener mechanisms sub-plots (double disks and furrow plough) and the split-split plot of three levels of load applied to soil firming mechanism (12.2; 18.5 and 24.1 kPa), according to randomized blocks design, with three replications. The soil moisture provided different resistance behavior to penetration with the depth, on the seedbed, independently of the furrow opener and the level of load applied to soil firming mechanism. The furrow plough use provided less soil resistance to penetration when compared to the double disk furrow opener, on the seedbed, independently of the soil moisture and the level of load applied to soil firming mechanism. The pressure applied by soil firming mechanism of 18.5 kPa provided the lower resistance to penetration, when the furrow plough was used. The soil resistance to penetration was less on the sowing line than on between rows, with 20 cm deep.
Palavras-chave : furrow opener mechanism; soil firming mechanism; soil compaction.