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Planta Daninha

Print version ISSN 0100-8358

Abstract

RODRIGUES, A.C.P. et al. Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of spray deposition on Commelina benghalensis. Planta daninha [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.2, pp. 421-428. ISSN 0100-8358.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582010000200022.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the quantity and quality of spray deposition on Commelina benghalensis plants, considering application volumes, spray nozzles and spray nozzle bar angle. Five stems of plants/pot were planted. The experimental treatments were arranged in a randomized design with twenty replications. The experiment was carried out under greenhouse conditions and the solution applied 40 days after the stems were transplanted, with the plants being 30 to 40 cm long. The treatments consisted of five spray nozzles (TX-VK 6, TX-VK 8, XR 11001 VS, XR 11002 VS and TJ60 11002 VS), tested at different application angles (0º and +30º) except for TJ60 11002 VS, and two different solution volumes (100 and 200 L ha -1). Brilliant blue FDC-1 was used as a tracer solution, at 500 ppm to determine spray deposition. After application, twenty plant stems were immediately collected, and washed in 100 mL of distilled water for posterior tracer quantification in a spectrophotometer. The data was fit to a regression curve using the Gompertz model. The results showed that, regardless of the type of spray nozzle used, the volume of 200 L ha-1 provided the highest deposition on the plants. The XR 11001 VS nozzle, with volume of 100 L ha-1 provided the best uniformity deposition. However, when using the angle of +30º, deposition increases occurred when the volume of 100 L ha-1 was used, with best uniformity being obtained with volume of 200 L ha -1.

Keywords : application volume; application technology; weed; Commelina spp.

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