Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
Print version ISSN 0101-2061
CHAPARRO ACUNA, Sandra Patricia; GIL GONZALEZ, Jesús Humberto and ARISTIZABAL TORRES, Iván Darío. Physicochemical characteristics and functional properties of vitabosa (mucuna deeringiana) and soybean (glycine max). Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.1, pp. 98-105. Epub Jan 31, 2012. ISSN 0101-2061. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612012005000007.
Physicochemical characteristics and functional properties of vitabosa flour (Mucuna deeringiana) and soybean flour (Glycine max) were determined. Oil absorption capacity was higher in vitabosa. Water absorption capacity was higher in soy and it was affected by the change in the ionic strength of the medium. Emulsifying Activity (EA) decreased with increasing concentration of flour, while Emulsifying Stability (ES) showed an increased. EA and ES of flours have more ionic strength in the range between 0.0 and 0.4 M, but it is reduced afterwards with the higher concentration of NaCl. Foaming stability varied with the concentration of flour solution reaching maximum values of 39 and 33% for vitabosa and soybean, respectively at 10% flour concentration.Vitabosa had the best foaming capacity (56% to 0.6 M) compared with soybeans (47% to 0.4 M). Maximum capacity of gelation was observed in vitabosa at 10% flour concentration. Increases in ionic strength of the flour solution, at low salt concentrations (<0.4 M), improved the gelation of flours.
Keywords : oil absorption; foaming capacity; flours; vitabosa; soybean.