Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
versión impresa ISSN 0101-2061
RODRIGUES, Luiz Gustavo Gonçalves; CAVALHEIRO, Darlene; SCHMIDT, Franciny Campos y LAURINDO, João Borges. Integration of cooking and vacuum cooling of carrots in a same vessel. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.1, pp. 187-195. Epub 13-Mar-2012. ISSN 0101-2061. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612012005000028.
Cooked vegetables are commonly used in the preparation of ready-to-eat foods. The integration of cooking and cooling of carrots and vacuum cooling in a single vessel is described in this paper. The combination of different methods of cooking and vacuum cooling was investigated. Integrated processes of cooking and vacuum cooling in a same vessel enabled obtaining cooked and cooled carrots at the final temperature of 10 ºC, which is adequate for preparing ready-to-eat foods safely. When cooking and cooling steps were performed with the samples immersed in boiling water, the effective weight loss was approximately 3.6%. When the cooking step was performed with the samples in boiling water or steamed, and the vacuum cooling was applied after draining the boiling water, water loss ranged between 15 and 20%, which caused changes in the product texture. This problem can be solved with rehydration using a small amount of sterile cold water. The instrumental textural properties of carrots samples rehydrated at both vacuum and atmospheric conditions were very similar. Therefore, the integrated process of cooking and vacuum cooling of carrots in a single vessel is a feasible alternative for processing such kind of foods.
Palabras llave : carrots; cooking; vacuum cooling; integrated process.